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      Analysis of health monitoring results in the teaching environment of primary and secondary schools in Sichuan Province from 2017 to 2021

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          Abstract

          Objective To analyze the current situation of teaching environmental sanitation in primary and secondary schools in Sichuan Province from 2017 to 2021, and to provide basis for the development of teaching environmental sanitation intervention measures in Sichuan Province.

          Methods A total of 7 510 primary and secondary schools were supervised and sampled from 2017 to 2021 according to the unified questionnaire. Descriptive statistical analysis method was used to analyze the monitoring results.

          Results The overall pass rate from 2017 to 2021 is only 51.70% (3 883), a total of 2 282 were sampled in 2017 and 1 414 were qualified, with the pass rate was the highest (61.96%), a total of 1 768 were sampled in 2019 and 750 were qualified, with the lowest pass rate (42.42%). The pass rate of different testing items in each year from 2017 to 2021 and the pass rate of the same test item in different years from 2017 to 2021 were statistically significant ( P<0.05). A total of 2 095 samples were inspected in rural areas in five years, and 1 177 were qualified, with the highest pass rate (56.18%). In urban areas, a total of 2 124 samples were inspected in five years, and 1 040 were qualified, with the lowest pass rate (48.96%). In the five-year period of primary school, a total of 4 867 schools were sampled, and 2 626 were qualified, with the highest pass rate (53.93%). There were statistically significant differences in the qualification rate of desks and chairs, classroom lighting, blackboard illumination, per capita area of classrooms, and per capita area of student dormitories in different regions (χ 2=9.87, 17.51, 37.69, 75.43, 11.22, P<0.05), and there were statistically significant differences in the pass rates of classroom lighting, per capita area of classrooms, per capita area of student dormitories, and ventilation of classrooms and student dormitories between different school sections (χ 2=9.16, 39.37, 79.56, 31.37, P<0.05).

          Conclusion The teaching environment of primary and secondary schools in Sichuan Province needs to be improved continuously, the qualified rate of classroom lighting and desks and chairs is low, and the investment in weak links should be increased.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 分析四川省2017—2021年中小学教学环境卫生现状, 为制定教学环境卫生干预措施提供依据。 方法 2017—2021年按照统一调査表对四川省7 510所中小学校监督抽检, 采用描述性统计分析方法对监测结果进行分析。 结果 2017—2021年中小学校教学环境卫生总体合格率仅为51.70%(3 883所), 2017年抽检2 282家, 1 414家合格, 合格率 最髙(61.96%); 2019年抽检1 768家, 750家合格, 合格率最低(42.42%)。不同检测项目在2017—2021年各年中的合格率 及同一检测项目在2017—2021年不同年份合格率差异均有统计学意义 ( P值均<0.05)。乡村地区5年共抽检2 095家, 1 177家合格, 合格率最髙(56.18%); 城区5年共抽检2 124家, 1 040家合格, 合格率最低(48.96%)。小学学段5年共抽检 4 867家, 2 626家合格, 合格率最髙(53.93%)。不同地区在课桌椅配备、教室采光、黑板照度、教室人均面积、学生宿舍人 均面积方面合格率差异均有统计学意义 (χ 2值分别为9.87, 17.51, 37.69,75.43, 11.22, P值均<0.05), 不同学段在教室采光、教室人均面积、学生宿舍人均面积、教室和学生宿舍通风方面合格率差异均有统计学意义(χ 2值分别为9.16, 39.37, 79.56, 31.37, P值均<0.05)。 结论 四川省中小学校教学环境有待持续改善, 教室采光、课桌椅配备合格率较低, 应对薄弱环节 加大投入。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 February 2022
          01 April 2022
          : 43
          : 2
          : 304-307
          Affiliations
          [1] 1School of Health, Wuhan University, Wuhan (430071), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: TAN Xiaodong, E-mail: 00300469@ 123456whu.edu.cn
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.02.033
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.02.033
          25ce0d24-bed4-413e-a565-d2ce3ecc1b41
          © 2022 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Environmental monitoring,Eligibility determination,Environment and public health,Teaching

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