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      Anchored between heaven and earth – a new flightless brown lacewing from Peru (Neuroptera, Hemerobiidae)

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      Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift

      Pensoft Publishers

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          Abstract

          Male and female of Nusalala peruana sp. nov., a flightless hemerobiid from the Andes mountain range of northern Peru, at a height of almost 4000 m, are described, figured and documented as the first record of a brachypterous, flightless species of Nusalala Navás, 1913, from this country. The other two congeneric, brachypterous species are from high altitudes in Colombia and Costa Rica and have been described in the male sex only – the females remain unknown. The coriaceous domed forewings are shared by all three brachypterous Nusalala species. The ribbon-like hindwings of the male of N. peruana sp. nov. are unique, since those of the other brachypterous males are scale-like, as are the hindwings of the female of N. peruana sp. nov. Distribution and evolutionary backgrounds of brachyptery and flightlessness in Neuropterida are discussed.

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          Most cited references 12

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          The developmental genetics of homology.

           P. Wagner (2007)
          Homology is an essential idea of biology, referring to the historical continuity of characters, but it is also conceptually highly elusive. The main difficulty is the apparently loose relationship between morphological characters and their genetic basis. Here I propose that it is the historical continuity of gene regulatory networks rather than the expression of individual homologous genes that underlies the homology of morphological characters. These networks, here referred to as 'character identity networks', enable the execution of a character-specific developmental programme.
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            Phylogenetic relevance of the genital sclerites of Neuropterida (Insecta: Holometabola)

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              Studies in Australian Neuroptera. No. iv. The families Ithonidae, Hemerobiidae, Sisyridae, Berothidae, and the new family Trichomatidae; with a discussion of their characters and relationships, and descriptions of new and little-known genera and species

               R. Tillyard (1916)
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift
                DEZ
                Pensoft Publishers
                1860-1324
                1435-1951
                August 14 2020
                August 14 2020
                : 67
                : 2
                : 141-149
                Article
                10.3897/dez.67.56008
                © 2020

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