Up to 50% of patients treated with intravesical agents for high grade nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer will have disease recurrence. Response rates to current second line intravesical therapies are low and for these high risk patients novel agents are necessary. Our previously completed phase I trial showed docetaxel was a safe agent for intravesical use. Nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel (Abraxane®, ABI-007) has been shown to have increased solubility and lower toxicity compared to docetaxel in systemic therapy. Thus, we assessed the dose limiting toxicity and maximum deliverable dose of intravesical nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel.