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      La prospectiva estratégica como herramienta para impulsar la gestión local hacia el desarrollo sustentable: Municipio Caroní, estado Bolívar, Venezuela Translated title: Strategic prospective as a tool to boost local management towards sustainable development: Caroni municipality, Bolivar State, Venezuela

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          Abstract

          La planificación para el desarrollo sustentable se ha convertido en todo un reto para la sociedad, los exiguos resultados obtenidos señalan la necesidad de abordar otros enfoques y metodologías innovadoras. La prospectiva estratégica es una aplicación transdisciplinaria y colectiva que considera la complejidad, el cambio y la incertidumbre de hoy, por lo que sus rigurosas herramientas permiten la construcción del futuro a partir del conocimiento del presente. Se propone el enfoque de la prospectiva estratégica (escuela francesa LIPSOR), a fin de obtener la información requerida para sustentar la gestión del Municipio Caroní del estado Bolívar, Venezuela para dar respuesta a la situación de deterioro progresivo que representa la relación socio-ambiental en este territorio. En este caso, el ejercicio prospectivo es exploratorio ya que detecta las tendencias de evolución, identifica las rupturas y bifurcaciones de las variables determinantes del estudio. Se presenta un avance con los resultados de las dos primeras etapas del estudio prospectivo estratégico: MICMAC y MACTOR. Se determinaron 23 variables estratégicas del sistema, y se identificaron catorce actores claves, como potenciales facilitadores del cambio. Las variables estratégicas encontradas se enfocan en el tema de la gobernanza, estos resultados se alinean con la propuesta teórica que la identifica como eje directriz del desarrollo sustentable.

          Translated abstract

          Planning for sustainable development has become a challenge for society, the meager results obtained indicate the need to address other approaches and innovative methodologies. The strategic prospective is a transdisciplinary and collective application which considers nowadays complexity, change and uncertainty, so that its rigorous tools allow building the future based on knowledge. The approach to strategic prospective (French School LIPSOR) is proposed, in order to obtain the information required to support the management of the Municipality Caroni of Bolivar state, Venezuela in response to the deteriorating situation representing the socio-environmental relationship in this territory. In this case, the prospective exercise is exploratory because it detects changing trends, identifies breaks and bifurcations of the determining variables of the study. MICMAC and MACTOR: a breakthrough with the results of the first two stages of the strategic prospective study is presented. 23 strategic variables of the system were determined, and 14 key actors as potential facilitators of change were identified. The variables found strategic focus on the issue of governance, these results align with the theoretical proposal that identifies governance as steering axe of sustainable development.

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          Most cited references30

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          Governance for sustainable development: moving from theory to practice

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            The Development Dictionary: A Guide to Knowledge as Power

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                t
                Terra
                Terra
                Instituto de Geografía y Desarrollo Regional y de los Postgrado en Geografía, FHE, UCV (Caracas, DF, Venezuela )
                1012-7089
                June 2016
                : 32
                : 51
                : 41-68
                Article
                S1012-70892016000100003 S1012-7089(16)03205100003
                265f5cf2-c0d0-48ed-b841-6f860712dd2d

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                History
                : 01 March 2016
                : 08 October 2015
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 33, Pages: 28
                Product

                SciELO Venezuela

                Categories
                Artículos

                sustainable development,Strategic prospective,gobernanza,gestión local,planificación,desarrollo sustentable,prospectiva estratégica,governance,planning,local management

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