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      The effect of audio on the experience in virtual reality: a scoping review

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          PRISMA Extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR): Checklist and Explanation

          Scoping reviews, a type of knowledge synthesis, follow a systematic approach to map evidence on a topic and identify main concepts, theories, sources, and knowledge gaps. Although more scoping reviews are being done, their methodological and reporting quality need improvement. This document presents the PRISMA-ScR (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews) checklist and explanation. The checklist was developed by a 24-member expert panel and 2 research leads following published guidance from the EQUATOR (Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research) Network. The final checklist contains 20 essential reporting items and 2 optional items. The authors provide a rationale and an example of good reporting for each item. The intent of the PRISMA-ScR is to help readers (including researchers, publishers, commissioners, policymakers, health care providers, guideline developers, and patients or consumers) develop a greater understanding of relevant terminology, core concepts, and key items to report for scoping reviews.
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            Scoping studies: towards a methodological framework

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              Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales.

              In recent studies of the structure of affect, positive and negative affect have consistently emerged as two dominant and relatively independent dimensions. A number of mood scales have been created to measure these factors; however, many existing measures are inadequate, showing low reliability or poor convergent or discriminant validity. To fill the need for reliable and valid Positive Affect and Negative Affect scales that are also brief and easy to administer, we developed two 10-item mood scales that comprise the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS). The scales are shown to be highly internally consistent, largely uncorrelated, and stable at appropriate levels over a 2-month time period. Normative data and factorial and external evidence of convergent and discriminant validity for the scales are also presented.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
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                Journal
                Behaviour & Information Technology
                Behaviour & Information Technology
                Informa UK Limited
                0144-929X
                1362-3001
                January 02 2023
                : 1-35
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Virtual Reality and Interaction Lab, Department of Information Science, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
                [2 ]Gamification Group, Faculty of Technology and Communication Sciences, Tampere University, Tampere, Finland
                [3 ]Department of Information Science and Media Studies, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
                Article
                10.1080/0144929X.2022.2158371
                26663220-ccb4-4345-bcdc-d40dc29f221e
                © 2023

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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