Macroautophagy/autophagy is a membrane trafficking and intracellular degradation process involving the formation of double-membrane autophagosomes and their ultimate fusion with lysosomes. Much is yet to be learned about the regulation of this process, especially at the level of the membranes and lipids involved. We have recently found that the PX domain protein HS1BP3 (HCLS1 binding protein 3) is a negative regulator of autophagosome formation. HS1BP3 depletion increases the formation of LC3-positive autophagosomes both in human cells and zebrafish. HS1BP3 localizes to ATG16L1- and ATG9-positive autophagosome precursors deriving from recycling endosomes, which appear to fuse with LC3-positive phagophores. The HS1BP3 PX domain interacts with phosphatidic acid (PA) and 3'-phosphorylated phosphoinositides. When HS1BP3 is depleted, the total cellular PA content is upregulated stemming from increased activity of the PA-producing enzyme PLD (phospholipase D) and increased localization of PLD1 to ATG16L1-positive membranes. We propose that HS1BP3 negatively regulates autophagy by decreasing the PA content of the ATG16L1-positive autophagosome precursor membranes through inhibition of PLD1 activity and localization.