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      The shaping of intrinsic membrane potential oscillations: positive/negative feedback, ionic resonance/amplification, nonlinearities and time scales.

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          The generation of intrinsic subthreshold (membrane potential) oscillations (STOs) in neuronal models requires the interaction between two processes: a relatively fast positive feedback that favors changes in voltage and a slower negative feedback that opposes these changes. These are provided by the so-called resonant and amplifying gating variables associated to the participating ionic currents. We investigate both the biophysical and dynamic mechanisms of generation of STOs and how their attributes (frequency and amplitude) depend on the model parameters for biophysical (conductance-based) models having qualitatively different types of resonant currents (activating and inactivating) and an amplifying current. Combinations of the same types of ionic currents (same models) in different parameter regimes give rise to different types of nonlinearities in the voltage equation: quasi-linear, parabolic-like and cubic-like. On the other hand, combinations of different types of ionic currents (different models) may give rise to the same type of nonlinearities. We examine how the attributes of the resulting STOs depend on the combined effect of these resonant and amplifying ionic processes, operating at different effective time scales, and the various types of nonlinearities. We find that, while some STO properties and attribute dependencies on the model parameters are determined by the specific combinations of ionic currents (biophysical properties), and are different for models with different such combinations, others are determined by the type of nonlinearities and are common for models with different types of ionic currents. Our results highlight the richness of STO behavior in single cells as the result of the various ways in which resonant and amplifying currents interact and affect the generation and termination of STOs as control parameters change. We make predictions that can be tested experimentally and are expected to contribute to the understanding of how rhythmic activity in neuronal networks emerge from the interplay of the intrinsic properties of the participating neurons and the network connectivity.

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          Author and article information

          J Comput Neurosci
          Journal of computational neuroscience
          Springer Nature America, Inc
          Apr 2017
          : 42
          : 2
          [1 ] Department of Mathematical Sciences, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ, 07102, USA. horacio@njit.edu.

          Positive and negative feedback,Phase-plane analysis,Regulatory mechanisms,Resonant and amplifying currents,Subthreshold oscillations,Time scale separation effects,Canard phenomenon,Nonlinear oscillations


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