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      Ten-Year Mortality of Patients Admitted to Coronary Care Units with and without Myocardial Infarction

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          Abstract

          The purpose was to evaluate the 10-year mortality in patients with acute chest pain suspected of myocardial infarction with (AMI) and without (non-AMI) confirmed diagnosis and to determine risk factors from the medical history and the diagnosis at discharge. One-thousand eight-hundred and ninety-seven non-AMI patients and 1,401 patients with AMI consecutively admitted to 1 of 16 coronary care units participating in The Danish Verapamil Infarction Study were included. During follow-up, 630 deaths occurred among the non-AMI patients and 415 of these could be classified as cardiac deaths. Multivariate analysis identified the following risk factors containing independent prognostic information about mortality for non-AMI patients: age, previous AMI, sex, and diabetes. In patients with AMI the risk factors were: age, previous AMI, clinical heart failure, diabetes, and angina pectoris. By including the diagnosis at discharge for non-AMI patients in the Cox analysis, the prognostic significance was compared to the variables from the medical history. Only the diagnoses bronchopneumonia, musculoskeletal disorders and observatio sine indicatione therapiae added independent prognostic information. We conclude that non-AMI patients are at high risk for mortal events in the long term. High-risk patients can be identified from their medical history, whereas the diagnosis at discharge only adds limited prognostic information. All non-AMI patients should be carefully evaluated regarding coronary artery disease at the time of discharge in order to improve the risk stratification, treatment and prognosis.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1994
          1994
          18 November 2008
          : 85
          : 3-4
          : 259-266
          Affiliations
          Medical Department B, Hillerød Hospital, Hillerød, Denmark
          Article
          176684 Cardiology 1994;85:259–266
          10.1159/000176684
          7987884
          © 1994 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Coronary Care

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