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      Triglyceride and Glucose Intolerance as a Risk Factor for Coronary Heart Disease

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          Abstract

          The electrophoresis of plasma lipoproteins frequently showed midbands between β- and pre-β-lipoproteins in survivors of myocardial infarction. There were increases in intermediate-density-lipoprotein (IDL) cholesterol and triglycerides with an increase in IDL cholesterol/triglycerides in the very-low-density-lipoprotein fraction, even if the increase in cholesterol was not so significant. Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) was also frequently found in these patients. Among the patients with an apparently normal glucose tolerance, the coronary atherosclerosis scores judged by the Americal Heart Association reporting system on coronary angiography increased as the total insulin area by 75 g oral glucose tolerance test increased. The correlation between the atherosclerosis score and the insulin area was still significant even after adjustement for body mass index and plasma triglyceride level. Our data suggest that hypertriglyceridemia, IGT, and hyperinsulinemia may become independent risk factors for atherosclerosis in addition to cholesterol. Another study showed that the morbidity of coronary heart disease increased with an elevation of plasma triglyceride levels among patients with familial hypercholesterolemia.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1991
          1991
          12 November 2008
          : 78
          : 3
          : 185-193
          Affiliations
          aNational Cardiovascular Center Research Institute and bThe Second Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka University Medical School, Osaka, Japan
          Article
          174785 Cardiology 1991;78:185–193
          10.1159/000174785
          1868497
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Clinical Pharmacology

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