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      2253. Comparison of Outcomes Between Patients with and without Cystic Fibrosis Treated with Ceftolozane–Tazobactam for Pseudomonas aeruginosa Infections

      abstract
      , PharmD, MPH, , MD, MHS, , MD, MHS, , PharmD, MBA, BCPS-AQ ID
      Open Forum Infectious Diseases
      Oxford University Press

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          Abstract

          Background

          Ceftolozane–tazobactam (C/T) was designed to have enhanced activity against P. aeruginosa and has been shown to retain activity against many isolates that are resistant to other antipseudomonal β-lactams. However, there are no data comparing outcomes in patients with and without cystic fibrosis (CF).

          Methods

          Retrospective, multicenter cohort study conducted at 5 hospitals that included all patients with P. aeruginosa infections who received C/T as definitive therapy between November 2016 and December 2018. The primary outcome at 90 days was a composite of mortality, recurrence, readmission, and inappropriate response at end of therapy (EOT). The secondary outcome was to describe baseline C/T susceptibility and emergence of resistance. All outcomes were adjudicated by 2 infectious diseases specialists.

          Results

          Thirty-five, 27 non-CF and 8 CF, patients were included. CF patients were younger, had greater baseline C/T resistance (50.0% vs. 8.3%, P = 0.02) and were more likely to receive combination therapy. The most common site of infection was pulmonary (71.4%) followed by intra-abdominal (14.3%) and osteomyelitis (5.7%). Overall, 54.3% of patients had an unsuccessful outcome with no difference between CF and non-CF patients (62.5% vs. 51.9%, P = 0.70). There was also no difference between each component of the primary outcome. All 4 CF patients with a baseline-resistant isolate had an appropriate response at EOT, while neither of the 2 non-CF patients did. The C/T MIC distribution in CF and non-CF patients was ≤ 2 μg/mL (0.0%, 64.2%), 4 μg/mL (50.0%, 25%) ≥ 8 μg/mL (50.0%, 8.4%). The median duration of C/T in CF and non-CF patients was 18.5 days (interquartile range [IQR], 14–37.5 days) and 15 days (IQR, 10–25 days). Ten, 7 non-CF and 3 CF, patients had a P. aeruginosa isolate cultured and tested for C/T susceptibility within 90 days of index culture with 80% having an MIC increase. Non-CF patients treated for > 14 days were more likely to have an MIC increase ( P = 0.047). All CF patients had an MIC increase.

          Conclusion

          We did not observe a difference in the rate of unsuccessful outcome between CF and non-CF patients; however, our sample size was small. CF patients were more likely to be resistant to C/T at baseline. Resistance emerged frequently in both groups following exposure to C/T.

          Disclosures

          All authors: No reported disclosures.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Open Forum Infect Dis
          Open Forum Infect Dis
          ofid
          Open Forum Infectious Diseases
          Oxford University Press (US )
          2328-8957
          October 2019
          23 October 2019
          23 October 2019
          : 6
          : Suppl 2 , IDWeek 2019 Abstracts
          : S771
          Affiliations
          The Johns Hopkins Hospital , Baltimore, Maryland
          Article
          ofz360.1931
          10.1093/ofid/ofz360.1931
          6810076
          2767636b-530a-4091-8d5a-3aed24f86730
          © The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America.

          This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs licence ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial reproduction and distribution of the work, in any medium, provided the original work is not altered or transformed in any way, and that the work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact journals.permissions@oup.com

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          Pages: 1
          Categories
          Abstracts
          Poster Abstracts

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