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      Prevalence of burnout in a sample of Brazilian teachers

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          Abstract

          Background and Objectives: Burnout is a psychological response to chronic work-related stress of an interpersonal and emotional nature. Brazilian law have already contemplated burnout syndrome as a mental and behavioural disorder related to work. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of burnout in a sample of Brazilian teachers. Methods: The sample was composed of 714 teachers from 8 schools in Porto Alegre and its metropolitan area (Brazil). The levels of burnout were evaluated by the Spanish Burnout Inventory, educational version (SBI-Ed). In addition, Psychosomatic disorders were estimated by the UNIPSICO subscale. Results: The percentage of participants who indicated high levels of burnout was 12 % (Profile 1), and 5.6% fell into Profile 2 because they were affected by strong feelings of guilt. Moreover, participants with high scores on the SBI dimensions (low on Enthusiasm toward the job) scored significantly higher on psychosomatic disorders than participants with low scores. Conclusions: Based on psychometric considerations, participants who fit Profile 2 of burnout could be considered burnout cases according to Brazilian legislation. However, using a clinical interview to make the diagnosis is recommended.

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          Most cited references 46

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          Burnout and risk of cardiovascular disease: evidence, possible causal paths, and promising research directions.

          Burnout is characterized by emotional exhaustion, physical fatigue, and cognitive weariness, resulting from prolonged exposure to work-related stress. The authors review the accumulated evidence suggesting that burnout and the related concept of vital exhaustion are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular-related events. The authors present evidence supporting several potential mechanisms linking burnout with ill health, including the metabolic syndrome, dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis along with sympathetic nervous system activation, sleep disturbances, systemic inflammation, impaired immunity functions, blood coagulation and fibrinolysis, and poor health behaviors. The association of burnout and vital exhaustion with these disease mediators suggests that their impact on health may be more extensive than currently indicated. Copyright 2006 APA, all rights reserved.
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            Indicadores básicos para a saúde no Brasil: conceitos e aplicações

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              A review of the healthy worker effect in occupational epidemiology

               C-Y Li,  F-C Sung (1999)
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                ejpen
                The European Journal of Psychiatry
                Eur. J. Psychiat.
                Universidad de Zaragoza (Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain )
                0213-6163
                December 2011
                : 25
                : 4
                : 205-212
                Affiliations
                Valencia orgnameUniversity of Valencia orgdiv1Unidad de Investigación Psicosocial de la Conducta Organizacional (UNIPSICO) Spain
                Canoas RS orgnameUniversidade Luterana do Brasil Brazil
                Article
                S0213-61632011000400003
                10.4321/S0213-61632011000400003

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 31, Pages: 8
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