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      Dialectal Variation in European Portuguese Central Vowel Perception

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          Abstract

          The present paper aims at providing empirical evidence for dialectal variation concerning the perception of the central vowel [ɐ] in European Portuguese (EP). More concretely, this study compares the perception of the contrast between [a] and [ɐ] by native speakers of two varieties of EP: 23 speakers of a northern Portuguese dialect (from the city of Braga) and 23 speakers of the Littoral Center variety of EP (from the city of Lisbon, defined as Standard European Portuguese (SEP)). Based on a discrimination test, the results show that the two groups of speakers differ with respect to the perception of the contrast between the two central vowels under investigation. The speakers of the northern variety differentiate less between the two central vowels compared to the speakers from Lisbon.

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          Most cited references 8

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          A cross-dialect acoustic description of vowels: Brazilian and European Portuguese.

          This paper examines four acoustic correlates of vowel identity in Brazilian Portuguese (BP) and European Portuguese (EP): first formant (F1), second formant (F2), duration, and fundamental frequency (F0). Both varieties of Portuguese display some cross-linguistically common phenomena: vowel-intrinsic duration, vowel-intrinsic pitch, gender-dependent size of the vowel space, gender-dependent duration, and a skewed symmetry in F1 between front and back vowels. Also, the average difference between the vocal tract sizes associated with /i/ and /u/, as measured from formant analyses, is comparable to the average difference between male and female vocal tract sizes. A language-specific phenomenon is that in both varieties of Portuguese the vowel-intrinsic duration effect is larger than in many other languages. Differences between BP and EP are found in duration (BP has longer stressed vowels than EP), in F1 (the lower-mid front vowel approaches its higher-mid counterpart more closely in EP than in BP), and in the size of the intrinsic pitch effect (larger for BP than for EP).
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            Vowel perception and production in Turkish children acquiring L2 German

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              Vogais centrais do português europeu contemporâneo: Uma proposta de análise à luz da fonologia dos elementos [Central vowels of Modern European Portuguese: Proposing an element phonology-based analysis]

               J Veloso (2012)
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                2397-5563
                Journal of Portuguese Linguistics
                Ubiquity Press
                2397-5563
                25 February 2020
                2020
                : 19
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Department of Psycholinguistics and Didactics of German, Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, DE
                [2 ]Department of Romance Languages and Literatures, Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, DE
                [3 ]Departamento de Estudos Germanísticos e Eslavos/Centro de Estudos Humanísticos, Universidade do Minho, Braga, PT
                Article
                10.5334/jpl.232
                Copyright: © 2020 The Author(s)

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

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