Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a rare but serious complication following renal transplantation. It usually develops early after transplantation, and ciclosporin treatment is the most common triggering factor. We report the case of a 35-year-old male with posttransplant HUS which developed 1 year after renal transplantation. He became febrile 4 days before the onset of HUS, and the significant rise in viral titer confirmed the diagnosis of influenza A virus infection. The association of ciclosporin treatment with HUS was unlikely, because of the late onset of HUS and the low ciclosporin trough levels. The patient was treated successfully without a dose reduction of ciclosporin. An etiologic relationship between influenza A virus and HUS was highly probable in our patient. We also review a total of 156 adult cases with HUS after renal transplantation described in the literature. The prognosis of posttransplant HUS differs according to the cause. The advent of ciclosporin has improved the graft survival rate and mortality of patients with rejection-induced HUS.