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      Structural and social determinants of inequities in violence risk: A review of indicators

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          Abstract

          There is disproportionate risk for violence conditioned on inequities due to race, socioeconomic status, gender, and where people live. Consequently, some communities are more vulnerable to violence and its repercussions than other communities. This study aims to share indicators that might be useful for violence prevention researchers interested in measuring structural or social determinants that position communities for differential risk of experiencing violence. An existing database of indicators identified in a previous review was reassessed for measures of factors that shape community structures and conditions, which place people at risk for violence. Indicators of 86 community constructs are reported. These indicators may help to advance the field by offering innovative metrics that can be used to investigate further the structural and social determinants that serve as root causes of inequities in violence risk.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          0367033
          4667
          J Community Psychol
          J Community Psychol
          Journal of community psychology
          0090-4392
          1520-6629
          18 May 2020
          17 August 2019
          May 2021
          01 August 2021
          : 49
          : 4
          : 878-906
          Affiliations
          [1 ]Division of Violence Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia
          [2 ]Division of Analysis, Research, and Practice Integration, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia
          [3 ]Department of Human and Organizational Development, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee
          Author notes
          Correspondence: Theresa L. Armstead, Ph.D., Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, MS F63, Atlanta, GA 30341. tarmstead@ 123456cdc.gov
          Author information
          http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7040-632X
          Article
          PMC7278040 PMC7278040 7278040 hhspa1593316
          10.1002/jcop.22232
          7278040
          31421656
          279b5160-3dfb-49ab-b1ff-a549af47be02
          History
          Categories
          Article

          risk,primary prevention,public health,socioeconomic factors,social determinants of health,violence,indicators

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