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The research space: using career paths to predict the evolution of the research output of individuals, institutions, and nations

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      Most cited references 22

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      Economic Action and Social Structure: The Problem of Embeddedness

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        Is Open Access

        Maps of random walks on complex networks reveal community structure

        To comprehend the multipartite organization of large-scale biological and social systems, we introduce a new information theoretic approach that reveals community structure in weighted and directed networks. The method decomposes a network into modules by optimally compressing a description of information flows on the network. The result is a map that both simplifies and highlights the regularities in the structure and their relationships. We illustrate the method by making a map of scientific communication as captured in the citation patterns of more than 6000 journals. We discover a multicentric organization with fields that vary dramatically in size and degree of integration into the network of science. Along the backbone of the network -- including physics, chemistry, molecular biology, and medicine -- information flows bidirectionally, but the map reveals a directional pattern of citation from the applied fields to the basic sciences.
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          Co-citation in the scientific literature: A new measure of the relationship between two documents

           Henry Small (1973)
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            Author and article information

            Journal
            Scientometrics
            Scientometrics
            Springer Nature
            0138-9130
            1588-2861
            December 2016
            September 2016
            : 109
            : 3
            : 1695-1709
            10.1007/s11192-016-2125-9
            © 2016

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