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      How friends’ involvement in crime affects the risk of offending and victimization

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          Abstract

          This article examines how friends’ involvement in crime influences such involvement in those around them, as offenders or victims, and the extent to which such friendship effects vary with contact frequency, friendship intimacy, and geographical proximity. To test our hypotheses we used four waves from the Dutch panel survey CrimeNL, which includes ego-centered network measures in each wave for respondents aged between 16 and 45. To test our hypotheses, fixed-effects panel models were employed. The results show that living in close proximity to delinquent friends increases people’s own risk of offending, and daily interaction with these friends decreases the risk of victimization. Victimization is also communicated among friends in their daily interactions. These findings stress the need to consider factors that condition how friendships exert influence on the risk of crime involvement.

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          Most cited references 47

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          Birds of a Feather: Homophily in Social Networks

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            Social Change and Crime Rate Trends: A Routine Activity Approach

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              Routine Activities and Individual Deviant Behavior

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Eur J Criminol
                Eur J Criminol
                EUC
                speuc
                European Journal of Criminology
                SAGE Publications (Sage UK: London, England )
                1477-3708
                1741-2609
                28 December 2016
                November 2017
                : 14
                : 6
                : 697-719
                Affiliations
                Research and Documentation Centre (WODC), The Netherlands
                Statistics Netherlands, The Netherlands
                Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands
                Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement NSCR, The Netherlands; Utrecht University, The Netherlands
                Author notes
                Josja Rokven, Research and Documentation Centre (WODC), PO Box 20301, 2500 EH The Hague, The Netherlands. Email: j.j.rokven@ 123456minvenj.nl
                Article
                10.1177_1477370816684150
                10.1177/1477370816684150
                5697564
                © The Author(s) 2017

                This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License ( http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page ( https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).

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                Articles

                victimization, panel data, offending, influence, friendship

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