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      Projection for new city future scenarios – A case study for Kuwait

      research-article
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      Heliyon
      Elsevier
      Geography

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          Abstract

          The creation of new cities is a planning approach adopted in several regions around the world, in order to accommodate urban growth. New cities are typically constructed according to well-thought out, centralised plans in areas without any prior development. However, whether the development of these new cities is able to address existing urban issues more effectively than traditional methods such as intensification, is currently an unanswered research question. Several Arabian Gulf countries, such as Kuwait are considering the construction of new cities to address urban issues, specifically the traffic congestion and housing shortages. In Kuwait, the master plan for these construction projects was developed solely by state authorities without any public participation or urban modelling that may have provided a more well-rounded view of the potential impacts and effectiveness.

          This paper aims to address these research opportunities of investigating the effectiveness of new cities in addressing traffic congestion and housing shortage, as well as the potential to integrate public opinions in urban development in the form of a model. Towards that end, the study proposes an Agent Based Model (ABM) that will allow simulating the population distribution and urban growth impacts of new cities in Kuwait by 2050. The methodology involves collecting primary data via interviewing the key government stakeholders of urban development and surveying the residents in order to collect the model inputs. In Kuwait's society, citizens and non-citizens form two distinct resident groups with often very diverse needs and lifestyles; hence the survey responses will differentiate between them. The data from the interviews and surveys from both resident groups will be incorporated as agent behaviours in the ABM. The simulations examine a multitude of scenarios for the new cities, involving construction delays and infrastructure project delays. The results indicate that the impacts of constructing new cities will be favourable across all different scenarios in terms of alleviating the traffic congestion and housing shortage compared to a business as usual approach of existing urban centre expansion. Furthermore, the survey responses confirm that the resident perspectives closely align with the government's priorities in the master plan for the new cities, further improving the chances for the successful project implementation. The methodology and findings may be applied in cities in the Gulf area or elsewhere with similar urban issues.

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          Most cited references43

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          Energy consumption, economic growth and CO2 emissions in Middle East and North African countries

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            The New Geography of Contemporary Urbanization and the Environment

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              Causes of delay in large construction projects

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Heliyon
                Heliyon
                Heliyon
                Elsevier
                2405-8440
                29 March 2018
                March 2018
                29 March 2018
                : 4
                : 3
                : e00590
                Affiliations
                [1]School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Australia
                Author notes
                []Corresponding author. n.alghais@ 123456uq.edu.au
                Article
                S2405-8440(17)33442-4 e00590
                10.1016/j.heliyon.2018.e00590
                5968144
                27cbef62-a727-4fb8-9fc1-7c06fcd59761
                © 2018 The Authors

                This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

                History
                : 15 November 2017
                : 30 January 2018
                : 23 March 2018
                Categories
                Article

                geography
                geography

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