Migraine, a very common headache disorder, is regarded as a polygenic disease and serotonergic pathways appear to play a major role in its pathogenesis. The present study was designed to explore the associations of polymorphisms of 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) receptor 1A (5-HT1A) and 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1B (5-HT1B) genes in Turkish migraine patients. 5-HT1A C-1019G (rs6295) promoter and 5-HT1B G861C (rs6296) exon polymorphisms in 203 migraine patients and 202 healthy subjects were analyzed by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis. Allele and genotype frequencies were not significantly different between migraine patients and healthy subjects for both the 5-HT1A C-1019G promoter and 5-HT1B G861C exon polymorphisms. Our data do not support the hypothesis that 5-HT1A C-1019G and 5-HT1B G861C polymorphisms have effects on migraine.