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      Protozoan and Helminth Infections of Aviary-Reared Alectoris rufa (Galliformes: Phasianidae) before Releasing for Hunting in the Czech Republic: Infection Dynamics and Potential Risks.

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          Abstract

          Age-related dynamics of protozoan and helminth infections in the red-legged partridge, Alectoris rufa, were studied in an intensive breeding aviary in the Czech Republic before releasing birds for hunting purposes. Pooled fecal samples (n = 900) were examined over 3 rearing seasons (2012-2014). A total of 4 protozoan species, Cryptosporidium baileyi, Cryptosporidium meleagridis, Eimeria kofoidi, and Eimeria legionensis, and 4 helminths, Capillaria phasianina, Eucoleus perforans, Heterakis gallinarum, and Syngamus trachea, was found. The most common parasite was S. trachea (prevalence 20-26%) in dead birds (n = 99), which represents a high risk for breeders. Co-occurrence of protozoans and helminths indicated similarities in infection dynamics throughout the 3 breeding seasons. Mixed infections of Cryptosporidium baileyi and C. meleagridis with other parasitic species are reported for the first time. Our findings provide new insights into breeding of A. rufa and may help to improve the efficacy of disease control strategies and prevention, especially with the potential for spreading of parasitic infections to wildlife through released birds into open areas.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          J Parasitol
          The Journal of parasitology
          American Society of Parasitologists
          1937-2345
          0022-3395
          Aug 01 2020
          : 106
          : 4
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Pathology and Parasitology, State Veterinary Institute Prague, Sídlištní 136/24, 165 03, Prague 6, Czech Republic.
          [2 ] Department of Animal Science and Food Processing in the Tropics and Subtropics, Faculty of Tropical AgriSciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.
          [3 ] Department of Zoology and Fisheries, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.
          Article
          439933
          10.1645/17-129
          32615595
          282843a6-51d8-4240-8477-cc3c218b9907
          History

          Syngamus , Eucoleus , Eimeria , Cryptosporidium , Capillaria , Alectoris rufa ,Zoonotic Potential,Red-Legged Partridge,Infection Dynamics,Czech Republic,Birds, Heterakis

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