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      Absence of the predisposing factors and signs and symptoms usually associated with overreaching and overtraining in physical fitness centers

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          Abstract

          OBJECTIVE:

          The aim of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of the well‐known predisposing factors and signs and symptoms usually associated with either overreaching or overtraining syndrome in physical fitness centers in São Paulo City, Brazil.

          METHOD:

          A questionnaire consisting of 13 question groups pertaining to either predisposing factors (1‐7) or signs and symptoms (8‐13) was given to 413 subjects. The general training schedule of the volunteers was characterized by workout sessions of 2.18 ± 0.04 h for a total of 11.0 ± 0.3 h/week for 33 ± 2 months independent of the type of exercise performed (walking, running, spinning, bodybuilding and stretching). A mean score was calculated ranging from 1 (completely absent) to 5 (severe) for each question group. A low occurrence was considered to be a question group score lower than 4, which was observed in all 13 question groups.

          RESULTS:

          The psychological evaluation by POMS Mood State Questionnaire indicated a normal non‐inverted iceberg. The hematological parameters, creatine kinase activity, cortisol, total testosterone and free testosterone concentrations were within the normal ranges for the majority of the volunteers selected for this analysis (n  =  60).

          CONCLUSION:

          According to the questionnaire score analysis, no predisposing factors or signs and symptoms usually associated with either overreaching or overtraining were detected among the members of physical fitness centers in São Paulo City, Brazil. This observation was corroborated by the absence of any significant hematological or stress hormone level alterations in blood analyses of the majority of the selected volunteers (n  =  60).

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          Most cited references70

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          Psychophysical bases of perceived exertion

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            Psychological monitoring of overtraining and staleness.

            It is widely agreed that overtraining should be employed in order to achieve peak performance but it is also recognised that overtraining can actually produce decrements in performance. The challenge appears to be one of monitoring stress indicators in the athlete in order to titrate the training stimulus and prevent the onset of staleness. The present paper summarises a ten-year research effort in which the mood states of competitive swimmers have been monitored at intervals ranging from 2-4 weeks during individual seasons for the period 1975-1986. The training cycle has always involved the indoor season which extends from September to March and the athletes who served as subjects were 200 female and 200 male competitive swimmers. The results indicate that mood state disturbances increased in a dose-response manner as the training stimulus increased and that these mood disturbances fell to baseline levels with reduction of the training load. Whilst these results have been obtained in a realistic setting devoid of experimental manipulation, it is apparent that monitoring of mood state provides a potential method of preventing staleness.
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              Prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the Overtraining Syndrome

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Clinics (Sao Paulo)
                Clinics
                Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo
                1807-5932
                1980-5322
                November 2010
                : 65
                : 11
                : 1161-1166
                Affiliations
                [I ]Departamento de Psicobiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil.
                [II ]Departamento de Fisiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil.
                [III ]Departamento de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil.
                [IV ]Departamento de Biofísica, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil.
                Author notes
                E-mail: carol.ackeldelia@ 123456gmail.com Tel.: 55 11 2108‐7590
                Article
                cln_65p1161
                10.1590/S1807-59322010001100019
                2999714
                21243291
                2835b59c-08c6-42ed-9c09-bc5a19499389
                Copyright © 2010 Hospital das Clínicas da FMUSP

                This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Page count
                Pages: 6
                Categories
                Clinical Science

                Medicine
                overreaching. mood states,questionnaire,overtraining,blood and biochemical analysis
                Medicine
                overreaching. mood states, questionnaire, overtraining, blood and biochemical analysis

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