With the rapid development of technology, abnormal posture and spinal problems of teenagers are emerging as new health problems. However, at present, there is no specific research towards spine health education in China. This paper systematically reviews global adolescent spinal health education, including content, participants, duration, teaching mode and evaluation method. Suggestions are recommended in this review: spinal health education program should be developed based on theoretical framework of social science, adopt the teaching form of both theory education and practice, and the “student-centered” teaching mode; a full spectrum of spine health, ranging from basic knowledge, posture habit and exercise should be provided; knowledge, skills, daily behavior and self-efficacy of participants should be included in the spinal health education evaluation framework; spinal health education should be delivered to adolescents, teachers as well as parents.
【摘要】 随着科技发展引起生活方式的巨变, 青少年身体姿态异常和脊柱健康问题成为新发的公共卫生问题, 通过对国 外相关研究进行系统综述, 梳理了青少年脊柱健康教育的内容、教育对象、教育时机、教学模式和评价方法等。基于此, 关 于青少年脊柱健康教育的建议包括:基于社会科学的理论框架制定脊柱健康教育方案, 采用理论和实践相结合的教学形 式, 探索“以学生为中心”的教学模式;脊柱健康教育的内容应包括基本知识、姿势习惯知识和运动锻炼知识;应从知识掌 握、技能、日常行为习惯、自我效能等维度评价脊柱健康教育;应把学生、家长和教师都纳人脊柱健康教育方案。