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      Manufacturing of Biopharmaceuticals and Implications for Biosimilars

      Kidney and Blood Pressure Research

      S. Karger AG

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          Deletion of the diploid dihydrofolate reductase locus from cultured mammalian cells.

          Gamma rays have been used to induce Chinese hamster ovary cell mutants in which the entire locus for dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) has been eliminated. These mutants were isolated in two steps from a methotrexate-resistant clone (Flintoff, Davidson, and Siminovitch (1976). Somat. Cell Genet. 2, 245-262). The resistant cells contain amplified copies of a mutant dhfr gene that codes for a drug-resistant form of the enzyme. In the first step, methotrexate-sensitive mutants of the amplified line were selected. These mutants exhibit a reduced level of DHFR activity and contain a reduced number of dhfr genes. The remaining DHFR activity is methotrexate-sensitive. These mutants appear to be hemizygotes that have lost all copies of the amplified altered dhfr genes and retain one wild-type allele. In a second mutagenic step, mutants completely deficient in DHFR activity were isolated. Three of four of these mutants were the result of double deletions: they lack all traces of dhfr DNA sequences. The fourth mutant contains a deletion that extends through the 5' half of the dhfr gene. The hemizygotes for dhfr should be useful for the study of mutation at an autosomal mammalian locus without the complications of diploidy.
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            Author and article information

            Journal
            KBR
            Kidney Blood Press Res
            10.1159/issn.1420-4096
            Kidney and Blood Pressure Research
            S. Karger AG
            978-3-8055-8396-1
            978-3-8055-8397-8
            1420-4096
            1423-0143
            2007
            August 2007
            27 August 2007
            : 30
            : Suppl 1
            : 6-8
            Affiliations
            Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
            Article
            107094 Kidney Blood Press Res 2007;30:6–8
            10.1159/000107094
            17726336
            © 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            References: 4, Pages: 3
            Categories
            Paper

            Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

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