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Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa inhibits the proliferation of transplanted Ehrlich ascites carcinoma in mice.

Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin

Aegle, Animals, Carcinoma, Ehrlich Tumor, drug therapy, pathology, Cell Proliferation, drug effects, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Drug Administration Schedule, Female, Mice, Plant Extracts, isolation & purification, pharmacology, Survival Analysis, therapeutic use, Plant Leaves

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      Abstract

      The anticancer effect of hydroalcoholic extract of Aegle marmelos (AME) was studied in the Ehrlich ascites carcinoma bearing Swiss albino mice. The spatial effect of various AME administration schedules showed that six-day administration increased the survival of tumor bearing mice. The best antineoplastic action of AME was obtained when AME administered through intraperitoneal route than the oral route at equimolar dose. Administration of AME once daily for six consecutive days to the tumor bearing mice caused a dose dependent remission of the tumor at 400 mg/kg body weight, where the greatest antitumor effect was observed and the higher doses showed toxic manifestations. A 24-d lengthening in life span was observed in EAC animals treated with 400 mg/kg AME. This dose of 400 mg/kg was considered as the best dose, where the animals survived up to 43 d post-tumor-cell inoculation as against no survivors in the saline treated control group. The antitumor activity when tested for different schedules for triple administrations, the best effect was observed for 1-2-3, followed by 1-3-5 and 1-5-9 days, respectively. Stage specific evaluation of AME inhibited the increase in body weight gain in animals due to tumor development during early stages only. The AME treatment resulted in a dose dependent elevation in the median survival time (MST) and average survival time (AST) up to 400 mg/kg AME and decline thereafter. The effective dose of 400 mg of AME is 1/6th of the LD50 dose, which increased the MST and AST up to 29 and 27 d, respectively. The acute toxicity study of AME showed that the drug was non-toxic up to a dose of 1750 mg/kg b. wt. The LD10 and LD50 was found to be 2000 and 2250 mg/kg.

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