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      Early Administration of Ramipril in Acute Myocardial Infarction: Neurohormonal and Hemodynamic Effects and Tolerability

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          Abstract

          Although several large studies indicate a beneficial effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors after myocardial infarction, the optimal timing of therapy in terms of safety and the effects on neurohormones during myocardial infarction are less well known. In order to investigate the effect of ramipril, administered within 24 h after myocardial infarction, on hemodynamics and neurohormones and its safety, 20 patients with a myocardial infarction were studied. Nine patients had an anterior, 10 an inferior, and 1 a non-Q-wave infarction. Fourteen patients received thrombolytic therapy, whereas 6 did not. The initial dose of ramipril was 1.25 mg, but was gradually increased to 5 mg during the next 4 days. Side effects did not occur. The mean arterial pressure decreased 8 h after the first dose from 84 ± 2 mm Hg (control) to 77 ± 2 mm Hg (p < 0.05) and remained decreased thereafter. This was accompanied by a reduction in systemic resistance of 8% after 8 h and of 12% on day 2. Heart rate, cardiac and stroke indexes, and pulmonary artery and wedge pressures did not change. The ACE activity decreased within 1 h of ramipril administration with a maximum of 71 % at 4 h after the second dose and remained at this level throughout the study. Angiotensin II decreased by 34% (day 2) and by 41 % (day 5). The renin activity gradually increased from 33 ± 7.5 to 75.4 ± 11.5 µM/ml on day 5, whereas epinephrine was reduced from day 2 onwards, with a maximal reduction of 71% on day 5. Arginine vasopressin was significantly reduced 5 h after ramipril administration until the end of the study, with a maximum of 77% on day 3. Moreover, a late but significant decrease in norepinephrine occurred on day 5. Thus, oral ramipril results in early ACE inhibition, followed by progressive attenuation of the neuroendocrine activation and a reduction in afterload during the acute phase of myocardial infarction. It is well tolerated, also in combination with nitro-glycerin and thrombolytic therapy.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1997
          1997
          21 November 2008
          : 88
          : 6
          : 548-555
          Affiliations
          Sticares Cardiovascular Research Foundation and Zuiderziekenhuis, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
          Article
          177418 Cardiology 1997;88:548–555
          10.1159/000177418
          9397311
          © 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Coronary Care

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