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      Socioeconomic status and obesity: a review of the literature.

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      Psychological bulletin
      American Psychological Association (APA)

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          Abstract

          A review of 144 published studies of the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and obesity reveals a strong inverse relationship among women in developed societies. The relationship is inconsistent for men and children in developed societies. In developing societies, however, a strong direct relationship exists between SES and obesity among men, women, and children. A review of social attitudes toward obesity and thinness reveals values congruent with the distribution of obesity by SES in different societies. Several variables may mediate the influence of attitudes toward obesity and thinness among women in developed societies that result in the inverse relationship between SES and obesity. They include dietary restraint, physical activity, social mobility, and inheritance.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Psychol Bull
          Psychological bulletin
          American Psychological Association (APA)
          0033-2909
          0033-2909
          Mar 1989
          : 105
          : 2
          Article
          10.1037/0033-2909.105.2.260
          2648443
          2900b8f3-8c24-4455-b6b7-244edc57e6d1
          History

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