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      Effect of Selenium on Cisplatin-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Rats

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          Abstract

          Cisplatin (CP), a commonly used antineoplastic drug, is nephrotoxic. CP-induced nephrotoxicity involves oxidative pathways. A deficiency of selenium (Se) reduces glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity resulting in oxidative stress. We investigated how Se deficiency or oral Se administration influences CP-induced nephrotoxicity. Thirty male Wistar rats were fed a Se-deficient or control diet for 4 weeks. Then they were given intraperitoneal (i.p.) CP alone, i.p. saline alone, or Se by gavage 24 and 1 h prior to i.p. CP. Blood and urine samples were collected and the kidneys were removed 5 days after CP treatment. Urinalysis, renal function, GPx activity, and expression of cellular GPx mRNA were measured. Histology was evaluated by light microscopy with immunohistochemistry for 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE), vimentin, and heme oxygenase (HO)-1. CP induced renal tubular damage with increased expression of vimentin, HO-1 and HNE staining, which represents lipid peroxidation. Se deficiency exacerbated CP-induced nephrotoxicity as shown by deterioration of the above parameters and depressed GPx activity and expression of GPx mRNA. Se treatment ameliorated CP-induced nephrotoxicity, but did not significantly improve renal function. These findings suggest that Se deficiency increases oxidative stress and enhances CP-induced nephrotoxicity, whereas oral Se treatment partially protects against the nephrotoxicity in rats.

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          Most cited references 21

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            TNF-α mediates chemokine and cytokine expression and renal injury in cisplatin nephrotoxicity

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              CTGF expression is induced by TGF- beta in cardiac fibroblasts and cardiac myocytes: a potential role in heart fibrosis.

              Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is a cysteine-rich protein induced by transforming growth factor beta (TGF- beta) in connective tissue cells. CTGF can trigger many of the cellular processes underlying fibrosis, such as cell proliferation, adhesion, migration and the synthesis of extracellular matrix; however, its role in acute and chronic cardiac injury is not fully understood. Here, we show that TGF- beta is a specific inducer of CTGF expression in both cardiac fibroblasts and cardiac myocytes. The activity of a CTGF promoter-based reporter construct correlated with endogenous CTGF expression, suggesting that TGF- beta induces CTGF expression most likely by activating its promoter. Upregulation of CTGF coincided with an increase in fibronectin, collagen type I and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 production. Forskolin, a stimulator of cyclic AMP, blocked TGF- beta induced CTGF expression and reduced the basal level of CTGF, whereas an inhibitor that blocks the MAP kinase signaling pathway (PD 98059) significantly enhanced TGF- beta induced CTGF expression. Furthermore, we found that both TGF- beta and CTGF mRNAs were significantly elevated in the left ventricles and septa of rat hearts 2-16 weeks following myocardial infarction. This correlated well with concomitant increases in fibronectin, and type I and type III collagen mRNA levels in these animal hearts. Significant upregulation of CTGF was also detected in human heart samples derived from patients diagnosed with cardiac ischemia. Based on these findings, we propose that CTGF is an important mediator of TGF- beta signaling in the heart and abnormal expression of this gene could be used as a diagnostic marker for cardiac fibrosis. Copyright 2000 Academic Press.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEE
                Nephron Exp Nephrol
                10.1159/issn.1660-2129
                Cardiorenal Medicine
                S. Karger AG
                1660-2129
                2006
                October 2006
                14 July 2006
                : 104
                : 3
                : e112-e122
                Affiliations
                aDepartment of Pediatrics, and bFirst Department of Pathology, Kochi Medical School, Kochi University, Nankoku, cDepartment of Pathology, Kochi National Hospital, Kochi, dDepartment of Pharmacology, Kobe Gakuin University, Kobe, and eDepartment of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan
                Article
                94550 Nephron Exp Nephrol 2006;104:e112–e122
                10.1159/000094550
                16837816
                © 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 7, Tables: 2, References: 34, Pages: 1
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/94550
                Categories
                Original Paper

                Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

                Nephrotoxicity, Glutathione peroxidase, Selenium, Cisplatin

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