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      COMPARISON OF EMITTED EMISSIONS BETWEEN TRENCHLESS PIPE REPLACEMENT AND OPEN CUT UTILITY CONSTRUCTION

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          Abstract

          Currently, there is a worldwide trend towards reducing emissions into the environment generated by human activities. Pollutant emissions into the atmosphere are a major measure of the impact on environment. The construction industry is a major producer of such emissions due in part to the magnitude of operations and the vast array of equipment. Increased urbanization has resulted in a need for the installation of an expanded underground network of infrastructure that includes gas, water, wastewater, pipelines, power, and communications systems. Today, engineers are faced with engaging the construction option that not only provides the best cost advantage, but also considers environmental sensitivities to create the most sustainable solution. Reduction of pollutants such as carbon dioxide (CO 2), carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxide (NO X), total organic compounds (TOC), and sulfur oxide (SO X) have been identified by the United States Environmental Protection Agency as critical to sustainable development. This paper describes an approach for quantifying airborne emissions that is demonstrated through a comparison of two construction methods for installing a wastewater line. It was discovered that the option involving a traditional open cut method resulted in an overall average of about 80% greater emissions compared to trenchless pipe replacement. The findings of this paper should assist the utility construction industry in technology selection to minimize environmental impacts.

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          Most cited references30

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                jgrb
                Journal of Green Building
                College Publishing
                1552-6100
                1943-4618
                1943-4618
                Spring 2009
                : 4
                : 2
                : 126-140
                Author notes

                1Professor, Ira A. Fulton School of Engineering, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287-0204; tel (480) 965-7399; fax (480) 965-1769; email: ariaratnam@ 123456asu.edu .

                2Project Engineer, Metcalf Builders Inc., 751 Basque Way, Carson City, NV 89706; tel (775) 691-8454; email: ssshaik@ 123456asu.edu .

                Article
                jgb.4.2.126
                10.3992/jgb.4.2.126
                290fff80-389a-4ffb-b8f6-b6e04062b214
                ©2009 by College Publishing. All rights reserved.

                Volumes 1-7 of JOGB are open access and do not require permission for use, though proper citation should be given. To view the licenses, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

                History
                Page count
                Pages: 15
                Categories
                RESEARCH ARTICLES

                Urban design & Planning,Civil engineering,Environmental management, Policy & Planning,Architecture,Environmental engineering
                underground construction,emissions,trenchless technology,environmental

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