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      • Article: found

      Interdialytic Weight Gain and Dry Weight

      a , a , b

      Blood Purification

      S. Karger AG

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          Enhanced fluid removal guided by blood volume monitoring during chronic hemodialysis.

          Fluid overload predisposes chronic hemodialysis patients to cardiovascular disease, a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in these patients. We evaluated the efficacy of monitoring changes in blood volume during routine hemodialysis to detect fluid overload. Intradialytic changes in blood volume were monitored by continuously measuring hematocrit in all 56 patients in a single dialysis unit over 7 weeks. After Week 1, patients were categorized into 2 separate groups depending on their maximum intradialytic decreases in blood volume. In Group 1, 46 of 56 or 82% had greater than a 5% decrease in blood volume while in Group 2, 10 of 56 or 18% had less than a 5% decrease in blood volume. During Weeks 2-7, dialytic fluid removal was intentionally increased in Group 2 patients by 0.80 +/- 0.62 L (mean +/- SD) or 47 +/- 43%. This intervention resulted in a larger (p < 0.02) intradialytic decrease in body weight (2.7 +/- 0.9 kg versus 2.0 +/- 0.8 kg) and a larger (p < 0.02) intradialytic decrease in blood volume (15 +/- 5% versus 4 +/- 1%) than experienced during Week 1 with a low incidence of symptoms. We conclude that there is a significant percentage of chronic hemodialysis patients who can tolerate additional fluid removal without hypovolemic symptoms even though they are considered to be at dry weight by routine physical examination and that the identification of these patients can be facilitated by intradialytic blood volume monitoring.
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            Searching for answers to ethnic disparities in cardiovascular risk.

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              Author and article information

              Journal
              BPU
              Blood Purif
              10.1159/issn.0253-5068
              Blood Purification
              S. Karger AG
              978-3-8055-7186-9
              978-3-318-00668-1
              0253-5068
              1421-9735
              2001
              2001
              28 December 2000
              : 19
              : 2
              : 217-221
              Affiliations
              aRenal Research Institute, New York, N.Y., and bAmgen, Inc., Thousand Oaks, Calif., USA
              Article
              46944 Blood Purif 2001;19:217–221
              10.1159/000046944
              11150813
              © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Pages: 5
              Product
              Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/46944
              Categories
              Paper

              Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

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