Understanding quantitatively the heating dynamics in magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJ) submitted to current pulses is very important in the context of spin-transfer-torque magnetic random access memory development. Here we provide a method to probe the heating of MTJ using the RKKY coupling of a synthetic ferrimagnetic storage layer as a thermal sensor. The temperature increase versus applied bias voltage is measured thanks to the decrease of the spin-flop field with temperature. This method allows distinguishing spin transfer torque (STT) effects from the influence of temperature on the switching field. The heating dynamics is then studied in real-time by probing the conductance variation due to spin-flop rotation during heating. This approach provides a new method for measuring fast heating in spintronic devices, particularly magnetic random access memory (MRAM) using thermally assisted or spin transfer torque writing.