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      Evaluation of training on brief interventions for teachers: health contributions Translated title: Evaluación de la capacitación en intervenciones breves para maestros: contribuciones de salud Translated title: Avaliação da capacitação em intervenções breves para professores: contribuições da saúde

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          Abstract

          ABSTRACT Objectives: to evaluate the impact of training on brief interventions for use of substances on the attitudes; and, face validity and internal consistency of Brazilian versions of the Drug and Drug Problems Perceptions Questionnaire (DDPPQ-br) and the Short Alcohol and Alcohol Problems Perception Questionnaire (SAAPPQ) for use among teachers. Methods: methodological (N=122) and quasi-experimental study (n=27). A sociodemographic questionnaire, the DDPPQ-br and the SAAPPQ were applied before and three months after the training. For analysis, were applied the Mann-Whitney and Wilcoxon tests. Results: the DDPQ-br and SAAPPQ were considered valid by experts. The training improved teachers’ attitudes towards accountability on the approach to substance use at schools and on the readiness to perform this role. In relation to drugs, it increased the perception of support. Conclusions: teachers’ training can improve their attitudes and strengthen the school in the function of preventing substance-related harm.

          Translated abstract

          RESUMEN Objetivos: evaluar el impacto de la capacitación en intervenciones breves para el uso de sustancias en las actitudes; y, la validez nominal y la consistencia interna de las versiones brasileñas del Drug and Drug Problems Perceptions Questionnaire (DDPPQ-br) y del Short Alcohol and Alcohol Problems Perception Questionnaire (SAAPPQ) entre los maestros. Métodos: investigación metodológica (N=122) y cuasi experimental (n=27). Se aplicó un cuestionario sociodemográfico, el DDPPQ-br y el SAAPPQ, antes y tres meses después de la capacitación. Para el análisis, se utilizaron las pruebas de Mann-Whitney y Wilcoxon. Resultados: El DDPQ-br y el SAAPPQ fueron considerados válidos por los especialistas. La capacitación pudo mejorar las actitudes con respecto a la responsabilidad del enfoque del uso de sustancias en la escuela y la disposición para realizar esta función. En relación a las drogas, aumentó la percepción de apoyo. Conclusiones: capacitar a los maestros puede mejorar sus actitudes y fortalecer la escuela en la función de prevenir daños relacionados con el uso de sustancias.

          Translated abstract

          RESUMO Objetivos: avaliar o impacto de uma capacitação em intervenções breves para o uso de substâncias sobre as atitudes e validade de face e consistência interna das versões brasileiras Drug and Drug Problems Perceptions Questionnaire (DDPPQ-br) e Short Alcohol and Alcohol Problems Perception Questionnaire (SAAPPQ) entre professores. Métodos: estudo metodológico (N=122) e quase-experimental (n=27). Foram aplicados o questionário sociodemográfico, o DDPPQ-br e o SAAPPQ antes e três meses após a capacitação. Para análise, foram utilizados os testes de Mann-Whitney e de Wilcoxon. Resultados: O DDPQ-br e o SAAPPQ foram considerados válidos pelos especialistas. Através da capacitação, foi possível melhorar as atitudes frente a responsabilização sobre a abordagem do uso de substâncias na escola e o preparo para exercer tal função. Em relação às drogas, a percepção de suporte foi potencializada. Conclusões: Capacitar professores pode melhorar suas atitudes e fortalecer a escola na função de prevenir danos relacionados ao uso substâncias.

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          Most cited references 35

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          Universal school-based prevention for illicit drug use

          Drug addiction is a chronic, relapsing disease. Primary interventions should aim to reduce first use or to prevent the transition from experimental use to addiction. School is the appropriate setting for preventive interventions.
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            Efficacy of expectancy challenge interventions to reduce college student drinking: a meta-analytic review.

            Interventions challenging alcohol expectancies may lead to reductions in alcohol consumption. We conducted a meta-analysis to examine the efficacy of alcohol expectancy challenge (EC) interventions for college alcohol abuse prevention. Included were 14 studies (19 EC interventions) that measured alcohol expectancies and consumption, provided sufficient information to calculate effect sizes, and were available as of June 2010 (N=1,415; M age=20 years; 40% women; 88% White). Independent raters coded participant characteristics, design and methodological features, and intervention content, and calculated weighted mean effect sizes at first follow-up, using both fixed and random effects models. Compared with controls, EC participants reported lower positive alcohol expectancies, reduced their alcohol use, and reduced their frequency of heavy drinking (d+s ranged from 0.23 to 0.28). Within-group improvements in alcohol expectancies and consumption emerged for the EC group only; relative to their own baseline, EC participants reported lower positive alcohol expectancies, reduced their alcohol use, and reduced their frequency of heavy drinking (d+s ranged from 0.13 to 0.36). Supplemental analyses found improvements in specific alcohol expectancies (social, sexual, tension, and arousal) both between groups and within group. The short-term effects of EC interventions on college student drinking are not maintained at follow-ups greater than 4 weeks. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved.
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              Políticas sobre drogas no Brasil: a estratégia de redução de danos

              O presente artigo aborda a temática das políticas brasileiras referentes às drogas, com o objetivo de resgatar o histórico da estratégia de redução de danos (RD) no Brasil. A partir de pesquisa bibliográfica em sítios de domínio público e em bases de dados disponíveis na internet, rastreamos o surgimento da estratégia de redução de danos no País, cujo marco foi a epidemia da AIDS da década de 80 e as políticas que a antecederam. Os dados coletados suscitam reflexões sobre os desafios contemporâneos enfrentados pelo emprego da estratégia de RD no campo do uso e do abuso de drogas lícitas e ilícitas, como álcool e crack, o preconceito vigente em relação ao usuário de drogas e a exigência de intervenções intersetoriais no enfrentamento do fenômeno do consumo de drogas. Além disso, mantém-se até os dias atuais o descompasso histórico entre as políticas sobre drogas oriundas do campo da segurança e aquelas provindas da saúde pública, com predominância daquelas de cunho proibicionista. Enquanto isso, a produção de drogas lícitas e ilícitas se diversifica, gerando a necessidade de tornar variadas as ações de redução de danos.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                reben
                Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
                Rev. Bras. Enferm.
                Associação Brasileira de Enfermagem (Brasília, DF, Brazil )
                0034-7167
                1984-0446
                2020
                : 73
                : 2
                Affiliations
                Ribeirão Preto orgnameUniversidade de São Paulo Brazil
                Teresina Piauí orgnameUniversidade Federal do Piauí Brazil
                São Carlos orgnameUniversidade Federal de São Carlos Brazil
                Article
                S0034-71672020000200167 S0034-7167(20)07300200167
                10.1590/0034-7167-2018-0108

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 39, Pages: 0
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