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      Carvedilol in Ischaemic Heart Disease

      Cardiology

      S. Karger AG

      Silent myocardial ischaemia, Carvedilol, Ischaemic heart disease, Haemodynamics, Angina pectoris

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          Abstract

          β-adrenoceptor-blocking drugs, first introduced for the treatment of symptomatic angina pectoris, have been found effective across the whole spectrum of ischaemic disease. Labetalol was the first combined-action beta-blocking drug to be described and was shown to be capable of increasing exercise tolerance in patients with angina pectoris. Carvedilol also possesses a peripheral vasodilating action mainly due to an α<sub>1</sub>- adrenoceptor blockade. Haemodynamic studies with carvedilol in patients with ischaemic heart disease have shown a reduction in peripheral vascular resistance in contrast to propranolol which increases systemic resistance and reduces cardiac output. Additionally, in ischaemic heart failure there is evidence of improved myocardial function, as shown by an increase in ejection fraction, after the administration of carvedilol. Carvedilol has been shown to improve exercise tolerance in patients with angina pectoris and reduce the occurrence of episodes of silent myocardial ischaemia. Carvedilol, unlike many beta-blocking drugs, does not adversely affect the plasma lipid profile qualitatively or quantitatively. In contrast to many non-selective beta-blocking drugs, carvedilol has a more favourable haemodynamic profile, and its lack of adverse influence on the plasma lipid profile may be important in its long-term use.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-5874-7
          978-3-318-01680-2
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1993
          1993
          14 November 2008
          : 82
          : Suppl 3
          : 34-39
          Affiliations
          Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University College, London, UK
          Article
          175932 Cardiology 1993;82:34–39
          10.1159/000175932
          8106163
          © 1993 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Session III: Carvedilol - Clinical Experience

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