Introduction: The incidence of augmented renal clearance (ARC) in the intensive care unit (ICU) is highly variable, and identification of these patients remains challenging. Objective: The objective of this study was to define the incidence of ARC in a cohort of critically ill adults, using serum Cr and cystatin C, and to identify factors associated with its development. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of critically ill patients without stage 2 or 3 acute kidney injury with both serum Cr and cystatin C available. The incidence of ARC was defined as a Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI)<sub>Cr-cystatin C</sub>-estimated glomerular filtration rate >130 mL/min. A multivariable logistic regression model using a penalized Lasso method was fit to identify independent predictors of ARC. Results: Among the 368 patients included in the study, indication for ICU admission was nonoperative in 55% of patients, and 9% of patients were admitted for major trauma. The overall incidence of ARC was low at 4.1%. In a multivariable logistic regression model, Charlson comorbidity index, major trauma, intracerebral hemorrhage, age, and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score were found to predict ARC. Conclusion: The incidence of ARC in this study was low, but prediction models identified several factors for early identification of patients with risk factors for or who develop ARC, particularly in a cohort with a low baseline risk of ARC. These factors could be used to help identify patients who may develop ARC.