• Record: found
  • Abstract: found
  • Article: not found

Transmission of infection by flexible gastrointestinal endoscopy and bronchoscopy.

Clinical microbiology reviews

transmission, prevention & control, Virus Diseases, Iatrogenic Disease, Humans, adverse effects, Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal, methods, Disinfection, Creutzfeldt-Jakob Syndrome, Bronchoscopy, Bacterial Infections

Read this article at

      There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.


      Flexible endoscopy is a widely used diagnostic and therapeutic procedure. Contaminated endoscopes are the medical devices frequently associated with outbreaks of health care-associated infections. Accurate reprocessing of flexible endoscopes involves cleaning and high-level disinfection followed by rinsing and drying before storage. Most contemporary flexible endoscopes cannot be heat sterilized and are designed with multiple channels, which are difficult to clean and disinfect. The ability of bacteria to form biofilms on the inner channel surfaces can contribute to failure of the decontamination process. Implementation of microbiological surveillance of endoscope reprocessing is appropriate to detect early colonization and biofilm formation in the endoscope and to prevent contamination and infection in patients after endoscopic procedures. This review presents an overview of the infections and cross-contaminations related to flexible gastrointestinal endoscopy and bronchoscopy and illustrates the impact of biofilm on endoscope reprocessing and postendoscopic infection.

      Related collections

      Author and article information



      Comment on this article