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Constraint-induced movement therapy in a patient with ataxia after cerebellar tumor resection Translated title: Terapia por contensão induzida em paciente com ataxia após ressecção tumoral cerebelar Translated title: Terapia por contención inducida en paciente con ataxia tras la resección tumoral cerebelar

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      Abstract

      Abstract Introduction: Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) is a very modern method used in rehabilitation to treat individuals with functional impairment of the upper limbs. Objective: To apply the CIMT method and evaluate its effects in a patient with ataxia after removal of a cerebellar tumor. Method: This is a longitudinal interventional study of the case report type. The participant complained of tremors and difficulty writing and typing with the right hand as a result of the cerebellar tumor’s removal. She was subjected to CIMT daily in three-hour sessions for 10 days. The participant was evaluated with the Motor Activity Log (MAL) and the Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT). Results: There was an improvement in the quantity, quality, speed, accuracy and strength with which the participant performed the tasks according to the MAL and WMFT scales. Improvement in writing was also identified and the report of better use of the member for daily tasks demonstrated the patient’s satisfaction after the end of therapy. Conclusion: This case report demonstrated the benefits of the application of the CIMT method in a patient with ataxia as a consequence of a rare cerebellar tumor, improving task execution time, strength and functional improvement of the affected upper limb.

      Translated abstract

      Resumo Introdução: A terapia por contensão induzida (TCI) é um método atual de reabilitação com intuito de tratar indivíduos com perdas funcionais nos membros superiores. Objetivo: Aplicar o método TCI e avaliar seus efeitos em uma paciente com ataxia após a remoção de tumor cerebelar. Método: Trata-se de um estudo longitudinal de caráter intervencionista do tipo relato de caso. A participante queixava-se de tremor e dificuldade de escrever e digitar com a mão direita em consequência da retirada de um tumor cerebelar. Foi tratada segundo método de TCI por três horas diárias durante 10 dias e avaliada pela Motor Activity Log (MAL) e Wolf Motor Activity Test (WMFT). Resultados: Houve melhora na quantidade, qualidade, velocidade, exatidão e força com que a participante executava as tarefas de acordo com as escalas MAL e WMFT. A melhora na escrita também foi identificada e o relato de melhor uso do membro para tarefas cotidianas demostrou satisfação da paciente após o final da terapia. Conclusão: Esse relato de caso demostrou os benefícios da aplicação do método TCI em uma paciente com ataxia como sequela de um tumor cerebelar raro, o que proporcionou melhora no tempo de execução de tarefas força e ganho funcional no membro afetado.

      Translated abstract

      Resumen Introducción: La terapia por contención inducida (TCI) es un método actual de rehabilitación com el propósito de tratar individuos con pérdidas funcionales en los miembros superiores. Objetivo: Aplicar el método TCI y evaluar sus efectos en una paciente con ataxia después de la remoción del tumor cerebeloso. Método: Se trata de una investigación longitudinal de carácter intervencionista del tipo informe de caso. Una participante se quejaba de temblor y dificultad para escribir con la mano derecha, como consecuencia de la remoción de un tumor cerebeloso. Se la trató según el método de terapia inducida por tres horas diarias durante 10 días e, después de la evaluación del registro de actividades motoras Motor Activity Log (MAL) y Wolf Motor Activity Test (WMFT). Resultados: Se ha mejorado la cantidad, calidad, velocidad, exactitud y en la fuerza con que la participante desarrollaba sus tareas de acuerdo con las escalas MAL y WMFT. También se identificó una mejora en la escritura, además del relato de mejor uso del miembro para tareas de la vida cotidiana, lo que demuestra la satisfacción de la paciente después del fin de la terapia. Conclusión: Este relato de caso demuestra los beneficios de la aplicación del método TCI en una paciente con ataxia como secuela de un tumor cerebeloso raro, lo que proporcionó una mejora en el tiempo de ejecución de tareas, fuerza y proporciono provechos funcionales en el miembro afectado.

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      Most cited references 35

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      "Mini-mental state". A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician.

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        Forced use of hemiplegic upper extremities to reverse the effect of learned nonuse among chronic stroke and head-injured patients.

        To test the clinical counterpart of the learned nonuse theory, 25 chronic hemiplegic stroke and head-injured patients with minimal to moderate upper extremity extensor muscle function were required to keep their uninvolved upper extremities within a hand-enclosed sling during waking hours over a 2-week interval. During this forced use period and for 1 year thereafter, changes in force or time-based measures among 21 functional tasks were compared to values at the sixth baseline session, a preintervention time when relearning had plateaued. Significant (P less than 0.05, Friedman's repeated measures followed by Tukey multiple comparison tests) changes were seen in 19 of the 21 tasks with most persisting at the 1-year follow-up. There were no apparent differences between right- and left-sided involvement or between stroke versus head injury clients (Mann-Whitney procedure). Ratings for quality of movement scored from videotapes presented in random order showed no change over time. These data suggest that learned nonuse does occur in select neurological patients and that this behavior can be reversed through application of a forced use paradigm.
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          Technique to improve chronic motor deficit after stroke.

          The unaffected upper extremity of chronic stroke patients was restrained in a sling during waking hours for 14 days; on ten of those days, these patients were given six hours of practice in using the impaired upper extremity. An attention-comparison group received several procedures designed to focus attention on use of the impaired upper extremity. The restraint subjects improved on each of the laboratory measures of motor function used--in most cases markedly. Extensive improvement, from a multi-year plateau of greatly impaired motor function, was also noted for the restraint group in the life situation and these gains were maintained during a two-year period of follow-up. For the comparison group only one measure showed small to moderate improvement, and this was lost during the follow-up period; there was essentially no overlap between the individuals of the two groups. Thus, prolonged restraint of an unaffected upper extremity and practice of functional movements with the impaired limb proved to be an effective means of restoring substantial motor function in stroke patients with chronic motor impairment identified by the inclusion criteria of this project.
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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            Belém Pará orgnameUniversidade Federal do Pará Brazil
            Contributors
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Journal
            fm
            Fisioterapia em Movimento
            Fisioter. mov.
            Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná (Curitiba, PR, Brazil )
            1980-5918
            May 2019
            : 32
            : 0
            S0103-51502019000100214
            10.1590/1980-5918.032.ao19

            This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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            Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 35, Pages: 0
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            Product Information: SciELO Brazil
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