We provide a list of the Pimplinae from the Estação Ecológica dos Caetetus, São Paulo state, Brazil. A total of 286 specimens belonging to 17 species in 10 genera were collected from December 2002 to May 2004. Pimpla and Neotheronia were the most abundant genera with 45% and 10% specimens respectively. Fourteen species of Pimplinae were recorded for the first time from São Paulo state and 3 of them, Neotheronia charli, N. cherfasi and N. lizzae, were recorded for the first time from Brazil. We also provide diagnosis and images of the species.