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      Profession and age analysis of five sexually transmitted diseases in Hainan, 2007-2017

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          Abstract

          Objective To understand profession and age characteristics of sexually transmitted diseases in Hainan Province, 2007-2017, and provide the reference for the development of strategies for its prevention and control in the future.

          Methods Data screening conditions are set in the infectious disease information of China's disease control and prevention information system: (1) audited cases; (2) the regional code is hainan province, and the annual report of cases of different age groups and different occupations is obtained. Descriptive epidemiological methods and trend analysis were used to analyze the occupational and age distribution of STD cases in Hainan province from 2007 to 2017, and gender differences were analyzed on the basis of age distribution.

          Results During the period, the number and incidence of sexually transmitted diseases increased from 2 8 62 (32.23/10 5) in 2007 to 17 5 47 (191.35/10 5) in 2017. In 2007-2017, the reported cases number and constituent ratio of business people , farmers and the unemployed have been growing ( P<0.05). The constituent ratio of these three professions increased 74.45% in 2007-2017 (from 42.42% to 74.00%). The incidence of sexually transmitted diseases increased with age inthe under-25s (χ 2 trend=9.874, P=0.002), peaked in the 25–29 age group, followed by a rapid decline (χ 2 trend=5.298, P=0.021), older than 60 years of age, the incidence of sexually transmitted diseases are increased with age (χ trend 2=5.707, P=0.017).

          Conclusions Strengthen sexual health education for adolescent, the elderly, community residents, farmers and group of people with high incidence of sexually transmitted diseases . Itis important for controlling of sexually transmitted diseases that combining these prevention and treatment measures.

          Abstract

          摘要: 目的 了解海南省 2007—2017 年性病患者的职业和年龄分布特征, 为制定性病防控对策提供依据。 方法 在中国疾病预防控制信息系统传染病信息系统中设置数据筛选条件:①巳审核病例;②地区编码为海南省, 获 取各年度各年龄段和不同职业的报告病例情况。以描述性流行病学方法和趋势分析等方法对 2007—2017 年海南省性 病病例资料进行职业和年龄分布分析, 并在年龄分布的基础上进行性别差异分析。 结果 海南省 2007—2017 年性病 报告病例数和报告发病率逐年增长, 由 2007 报告的 2 862 例 ( 34.23/10 万) 增长至 2017 年的 17 547 例 ( 191.35/10 万) 。2007—2017 年商业服务、农民和家务及待业三种职业报告病例数和占总报病数的比例均呈增长趋势 ( P<0.05)。三种 职业合计报告病例数占总报病数的比例由 2007 年的 42.42% 增长到 2017 年的 74.00%, 增长了 74.45%。25 岁以下人群 的性病报告发病率伴随年龄增长逐渐上升 (χ 2 趋势=9.874, P=0.002), 25~<30 岁年龄段性病报告发病率达到顶峰, 随后发 病率快速下降 (χ 2 趋势=5.298, P=0.021), 60 岁年龄段开始报告发病率再次随着年龄增长上升 (χ 2 趋势=5.707, P=0.017)。 结论 加强青少年和老年人、社区居民、农民等报告发病率较高人群的性健康教育, 防治结合, 制定综合的性病防治措 施能够有效控制性病疫情。

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          Journal
          CTM
          China Tropical Medicine
          China Tropical Medicine (China )
          1009-9727
          1 March 2020
          1 April 2020
          : 20
          : 3
          : 249-253
          Affiliations
          1The Fifth People’s Hospital of Hainan Province, Haikou, Hainan 570206, China
          Article
          j.cnki.46-1064/r.2020.03.12
          10.13604/j.cnki.46-1064/r.2020.03.12
          © 2020 Editorial Department of China Tropical Medicine

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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