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Modelling conflicts with cluster dynamics on networks

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      Abstract

      We introduce cluster dynamical models of conflicts in which only the largest cluster can be involved in an action. This mimics the situations in which an attack is planned by a central body, and the largest attack force is used. We study the model in its annealed random graph version, on a fixed network, and on a network evolving through the actions. The sizes of actions are distributed with a power-law tail, however, the exponent is non-universal and depends on the frequency of actions and sparseness of the available connections between units. Allowing the network reconstruction over time in a self-organized manner, e.g., by adding the links based on previous liaisons between units, we find that the power-law exponent depends on the evolution time of the network. Its lower limit is given by the universal value 5/2, derived analytically for the case of random fragmentation processes. In the temporal patterns behind the size of actions we find long-range correlations in the time series of number of clusters and non-trivial distribution of time that a unit waits between two actions. In the case of an evolving network the distribution develops a power-law tail, indicating that through the repeated actions, the system develops internal structure which is not just more effective in terms of the size of events, but also has a full hierarchy of units.

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      Journal
      2010-01-18
      1001.3012

      http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

      Custom metadata
      6 pages, 5 figures, revtex
      physics.soc-ph physics.comp-ph

      General physics, Mathematical & Computational physics

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