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      A multi-component model for observed astrophysical neutrinos

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      Astronomy & Astrophysics

      EDP Sciences

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          Most cited references 83

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          Theoretical Modeling of Starburst Galaxies

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            Is Open Access

            Evidence for High-Energy Extraterrestrial Neutrinos at the IceCube Detector

            We report on results of an all-sky search for high-energy neutrino events interacting within the IceCube neutrino detector conducted between May 2010 and May 2012. The search follows up on the previous detection of two PeV neutrino events, with improved sensitivity and extended energy coverage down to approximately 30 TeV. Twenty-six additional events were observed, substantially more than expected from atmospheric backgrounds. Combined, both searches reject a purely atmospheric origin for the twenty-eight events at the \(4\sigma\) level. These twenty-eight events, which include the highest energy neutrinos ever observed, have flavors, directions, and energies inconsistent with those expected from the atmospheric muon and neutrino backgrounds. These properties are, however, consistent with generic predictions for an additional component of extraterrestrial origin.
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              High Energy Neutrinos from Cosmological Gamma-Ray Burst Fireballs

              Observations suggest that \(\gamma\)-ray bursts (GRBs) are produced by the dissipation of the kinetic energy of a relativistic fireball. We show that a large fraction, \(\ge 10%\), of the fireball energy is expected to be converted by photo-meson production to a burst of \(\sim10^{14} eV\) neutrinos. A km^2 neutrino detector would observe at least several tens of events per year correlated with GRBs, and test for neutrino properties (e.g. flavor oscillations, for which upward moving \(\tau\)'s would be a unique signature, and coupling to gravity) with an accuracy many orders of magnitude better than is currently possible.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Astronomy & Astrophysics
                A&A
                EDP Sciences
                0004-6361
                1432-0746
                July 2018
                August 03 2018
                July 2018
                : 615
                : A168
                10.1051/0004-6361/201832731
                © 2018
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