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      Efficacy of Darbepoetin in Doxorubicin-Induced Cardiorenal Injury in Rats

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          Abstract

          This study was intended to elucidate the efficacy of an erythropoietin analog in cardiorenal dysfunction syndrome using a rodent model. Cardiorenal dysfunction was induced using doxorubicin hydrochloride (DXR). Lower doses (3 µg/kg) and higher doses (30 µg/kg) of darbepoetin alfa (DA) were used for intervention. Blood examinations for creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, iron, and hemoglobin were performed until 11 weeks after starting DA administration. Urine collection was performed 10 weeks after starting DA, and protein, iron, and N-acetyl-β- D-glucosaminidase levels and antioxidation capacity of DA were determined. The dry left ventricular heart weight was measured, when the animals were sacrificed 11 weeks after starting DA administration. Histological analyses were performed for interstitial fibrotic changes and iron deposition in the kidney. Administration of DA markedly improved anemia to the normal control level and significantly alleviated DXR-induced increases of creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, renal interstitial fibrosis, renal iron deposition, and dry left ventricular weight, but serum and urinary iron and urinary protein and N-acetyl-β- D-glucosaminidase levels were unchanged. The urinary total radical-trapping antioxidant capacity was improved to the normal control level in DA-treated animals. DA reduced the DXR-induced cardiorenal injury. This improvement was achieved, when anemia was corrected to the normal control level.

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          Most cited references 12

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          Quality of life in chronic kidney disease (CKD): a cross-sectional analysis in the Renal Research Institute-CKD study.

          Health-related quality of life (QOL) is an important measure of how disease affects patients' lives. Dialysis patients have decreased QOL relative to healthy controls. Little is known about QOL in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) before renal replacement therapy. The Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 (SF-36), a standard QOL instrument, was used to evaluate 634 patients (mean glomerular filtration rate [GFR], 23.6 +/- 9.6 mL/min/1.73 m2 [0.39 +/- 0.16 mL/s/1.73 m2]) enrolled in a 4-center, prospective, observational study of CKD. SF-36 scores in these patients were compared with those in a prevalent cohort of hemodialysis (HD) patients and healthy controls (both from historical data). QOL data also were analyzed for correlations with GFR and albumin and hemoglobin levels in multivariable analyses. Patients with CKD had higher SF-36 scores than a large cohort of HD patients (P < 0.0001 for 8 scales and 2 summary scales), but lower scores than those reported for the US adult population (P < 0.0001 for 7 of 8 scales and 1 of 2 summary scales). Patients with CKD stage 4 had lower QOL scores than patients with CKD stage 5, although differences were not significant. Hemoglobin level was associated positively with higher mental and physical QOL scores (P < 0.05) in all individual and component scales except Pain. SF-36 scores were higher in this CKD cohort compared with HD patients, but lower than in healthy controls. GFR was not significantly associated with QOL. Hemoglobin level predicted both physical and mental domains of the SF-36. Longitudinal studies are needed to define at-risk periods for decreases in QOL during progression of CKD.
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            Recombinant human erythropoietin protects the myocardium from ischemia-reperfusion injury and promotes beneficial remodeling.

            Erythropoietin (EPO), originally identified for its critical hormonal role in promoting erythrocyte survival and differentiation, is a member of the large and diverse cytokine superfamily. Recent studies have identified multiple paracrineautocrine functions of EPO that coordinate local responses to injury by maintaining vascular autoregulation and attenuating both primary (apoptotic) and secondary (inflammatory) causes of cell death. Experimental evidence also supports a role for EPO in repair and regeneration after brain and spinal cord injury, including the recruitment of stem cells into the region of damage. Tissue expression of the EPO receptor is widespread, especially during development, and includes the heart. However, it is currently unknown as to whether EPO plays a physiological function in adult myocardial tissue. We have assessed the potential protective role of EPO in vitro with adult rat cardiomyocytes, and in vivo in a rat model of myocardial infarction with reperfusion. The results show that EPO markedly prevents the apoptosis of cultured adult rat myocardiocytes subjected to 28 h of hypoxia (approximately 3% normal oxygen). Additional studies employing a rat model of coronary ischemia-reperfusion showed that the administration of recombinant human EPO (5,000 units/kg of body weight; i.p. daily for 7 days) reduces cardiomyocyte loss by approximately 50%, an extent sufficient to normalize hemodynamic function within 1 week after reperfusion. These observations not only suggest a potential therapeutic role for recombinant human EPO in the treatment of myocardial ischemia and infarction by preventing apoptosis and attenuating postinfarct deterioration in hemodynamic function, but also predict that EPO is likely a tissue-protective cytokine in other organs as well.
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              Left ventricular mass index increase in early renal disease: Impact of decline in hemoglobin

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEE
                Nephron Exp Nephrol
                10.1159/issn.1660-2129
                Cardiorenal Medicine
                S. Karger AG
                1660-2129
                2006
                August 2006
                26 May 2006
                : 104
                : 1
                : e6-e14
                Affiliations
                Departments of aNephrology and Endocrinology and bCardiovascular Medicine and cCenter for Dialysis, Apheresis, and Applied Medicine, University Hospital, and dCenter for NanoBio Integration, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, and ePharmaceutical Development Laboratories, Kirin Brewery Co., Ltd., Takasaki, Japan
                Article
                93258 Nephron Exp Nephrol 2006;104:e6–e14
                10.1159/000093258
                16707910
                © 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 8, References: 25, Pages: 1
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/93258
                Categories
                Original Paper

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