29
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: not found

      An autoregulatory loop controlling orphan nuclear receptor DAX-1 gene expression by orphan nuclear receptor ERRγ

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPMC
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          The estrogen receptor-related receptor gamma (ERRγ/ERR3/NR3B3) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily that activates transcription in the absence of ligand. However, the detailed mechanism of gene regulation by ERRγ is not fully understood. In this study we have found that the orphan nuclear receptor ERRγ activates the DAX-1 promoter, which, in turn, represses transactivation by ERRγ. Serial deletions of mouse DAX-1 (mDAX-1) gene promoter have revealed that the region responding to ERRγ is located between −129 and −121 bp and −334 and −326 bp. Gel shift assays and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays demonstrated that ERRγ binds directly to the m DAX-1 promoter. Site-directed mutagenesis results demonstrated that ERRE1 (−129 to −121 bp) is more important than ERRE2 (−334 to −326 bp) which is not conserved in the human DAX-1 promoter. In addition, adenovirus-mediated overexpression of ERRγ induced DAX-1 gene expression in MCF-7 breast cancer cells that co-expressed ERRγ and DAX-1. Moreover, yeast two-hybrid and glutathione S-transferase (GST)-pull down assays demonstrated that DAX-1 physically interacted with ERRγ and inhibited ERRγ transactivation, and that this interaction was dependent on the AF-2 domain of ERRγ. In addition, in vitro competition assays showed that DAX-1 inhibited PGC-1α mediated ERRγ transactivation, via competition between these two factors for the AF-2 binding domain. We thus propose a novel autoregulatory loop that controls DAX-1 gene expression by ERRγ.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 29

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          Orphan nuclear receptors: from gene to function.

           V Giguere (1999)
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            The orphan nuclear receptor estrogen-related receptor alpha is a transcriptional regulator of the human medium-chain acyl coenzyme A dehydrogenase gene.

             J. Bader,  V Giguere,  R Sladek (1997)
            Estrogen-related receptor alpha (ERR alpha) is an orphan member of the superfamily of nuclear hormone receptors. ERR alpha was initially isolated based on its sequence homology to the estrogen receptor but is not activated by classic estrogens. To identify possible physiologic functions for this orphan receptor, we cloned the mouse ERR alpha cDNA and used it to characterize the expression of ERR alpha transcripts and to identify potential ERR alpha target genes. RNA in situ hybridization studies detect ERR alpha transcripts in an organ-specific manner through mid- to late embryonic development, with persistent high-level expression in brown adipose tissue and intestinal mucosa. In the adult mouse, ERR alpha is most highly expressed in kidney, heart, and brown adipocytes, tissues which preferentially metabolize fatty acids. Binding site selection experiments show that ERR alpha preferentially binds to an ERR alpha response element (ERRE) containing a single consensus half-site, TNAAGGTCA. An ERRE is present in the 5'-flanking region of the gene encoding medium-chain acyl coenzyme A dehydrogenase (MCAD), a key enzyme involved in the mitochondrial beta-oxidation of fat. The MCAD nuclear receptor response element 1 (NRRE-1) interacts in vitro with ERR alpha expressed in COS-7 cells. Supershift experiments show that endogenous ERR alpha present in nuclear extracts obtained from a brown fat tumor cell line (HIB) interacts with NRRE-1. In the absence of its putative ligand, ERR alpha does not activate the MCAD promoter in transient transfection studies; however, a VP16-ERR alpha chimera activates natural and synthetic promoters containing NRRE-1. In addition, ERR alpha efficiently represses retinoic acid induction mediated by NRRE-1. These results demonstrate that ERR alpha can control the expression of MCAD through the NRRE-1 and thus may play an important role in regulating cellular energy balance in vivo.
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              Regulation of the transcriptional coactivator PGC-1 via MAPK-sensitive interaction with a repressor.

              Mechanisms and signals that regulate transcriptional coactivators are still largely unknown. Here we provide genetic evidence for a repressor that interacts with and regulates the nuclear receptor coactivator PGC-1. Association with the repressor requires a PGC-1 protein interface that is similar to the one used by nuclear receptors. Removal of the repressor enhances PGC-1 coactivation of steroid hormone responses. We also provide evidence that interaction of the repressor with PGC-1 is regulated by mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling. Activation of the MAPK p38 enhances the activity of wild-type PGC-1 but not of a PGC-1 variant that no longer interacts with the repressor. Finally, p38 activation enhances steroid hormone response in a PGC-1-dependent manner. Our data suggest a model where the repressor and nuclear receptors compete for recruiting PGC-1 to an inactive and active state, respectively. Extracellular signals such as nuclear receptor ligands or activators of the MAPK p38 can shift the equilibrium between the two states.
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                Nucleic Acids Res
                Nucleic Acids Research
                Nucleic Acids Research
                Oxford University Press
                0305-1048
                1362-4962
                2005
                2005
                28 November 2005
                : 33
                : 21
                : 6756-6768
                Affiliations
                Hormone Research Center, School of Biological Sciences and Technology, Chonnam National University Gwangju, 500-757, Republic of Korea
                1Section of Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kyungpook National University Hospital, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University Taegu, Republic of Korea
                2Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University Daejeon, 301-131, Republic of Korea
                3Center for Marine Natural Products and Drug Discovery, School of Earth and Environmental Science, Seoul National University Seoul, Republic of Korea
                Author notes
                *To whom correspondence should be addressed. Tel: +82 62 530 0503; Fax: +82 62 530 0500; Email: hsc@ 123456chonnam.ac.kr
                Article
                10.1093/nar/gki976
                1301593
                16314306
                © The Author 2005. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved

                The online version of this article has been published under an open access model. Users are entitled to use, reproduce, disseminate, or display the open access version of this article for non-commercial purposes provided that: the original authorship is properly and fully attributed; the Journal and Oxford University Press are attributed as the original place of publication with the correct citation details given; if an article is subsequently reproduced or disseminated not in its entirety but only in part or as a derivative work this must be clearly indicated. For commercial re-use, please contact journals.permissions@ 123456oxfordjournals.org

                Categories
                Article

                Genetics

                Comments

                Comment on this article