The efficacy of acupuncture combined with percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) or percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture is systematically evaluated. The clinical trials of acupuncture combined with PKP or PVP in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture published before July 2021 are searched in databases of CNKI, WF, VIP, CBM, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase. The information of included studies is extracted, and the quality is assessed by two independent researchers. The meta-analysis is performed by using RevMan 5.3 software. A total of 9 trials are included, involving 851 patients. The experimental results show that the therapeutic effect of acupuncture combined with PKP/PVP in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) is superior to that of PKP/PVP alone, and both the VAS score and ODI score of PKP/PVP combined with ordinary acupuncture or silver needle acupuncture are better than those of the control group one month after the operation. The effect of ordinary acupuncture combined with PKP/PVP on the increase of bone mineral density is better than that of the control group. Acupuncture combined with PKP/PVP in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture has better efficacy than PKP/PVP, and it can effectively relieve patients' pain, improve bone density, and improve the quality of life.