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      Exponentially accelerated approach to stationarity in Markovian open quantum systems through the Mpemba effect

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          Abstract

          Ergodicity-breaking and slow relaxation are intriguing aspects of nonequilibrium dynamics both in classical and in quantum settings. These phenomena are typically associated with phase transitions, e.g. the emergence of metastable regimes near a first-order transition or scaling dynamics in the vicinity of critical points. Despite being of fundamental interest the associated divergent time scales are a hindrance when trying to explore steady-state properties. Here we show that the relaxation dynamics of Markovian open quantum systems can be accelerated exponentially by devising an optimal unitary transformation that is applied to the quantum system immediately before the actual dynamics. This initial "rotation" is engineered in such a way that the state of the quantum system becomes orthogonal to the slowest decaying dynamical mode. We illustrate our idea -- which is inspired by the so-called Mpemba effect, i.e., water freezing faster when initially heated up -- by showing how to achieve an exponential speed-up in the convergence to stationarity in Dicke models, and how to avoid metastable regimes in an all-to-all interacting spin system.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          08 March 2021
          Article
          2103.05020
          2c832c9e-0de0-49a3-acc8-532e1d1de62c

          http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

          Custom metadata
          6 pages, 3 figures
          quant-ph cond-mat.stat-mech

          Condensed matter, Quantum physics & Field theory

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