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      Up-Regulated TGF-β mRNA Expression in Splenic T Cells of High IgA-Prone Mice: A Murine Model of IgA Nephropathy with Glomerulosclerosis

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          Abstract

          Background/Aims: Recently, we established a high serum IgA-prone inbred (HIGA) mouse strain as a murine model of spontaneous IgA nephropathy by selective mating of high serum IgA ddY mice, and found that they showed enhanced production of glomerular extracellular matrix components with increased expression of TGF-β mRNA and protein in the kidneys. In this study, we examined the roles of lymphocytes in the development of high serum IgA in this strain. Methods: We performed flow cytometric analyses of T and B cells in splenic mononuclear cells (SMNCs) from these mice using BALB/c mice as normal controls. We also compared serum TGF-β1 concentrations and TGF-β mRNA expression levels in the B-cell-depleted (T-cell-rich) fraction of SMNCs in these mice. Results: HIGA mice showed significantly fewer CD3-positive cells compared with BALB/c mice when young, but not when aged. The CD4/CD8 ratio of HIGA mice was lower than that of BALB/c mice, but this difference was not significant. Although the number of B220-positive cells did not vary significantly, the ratio of surface IgA-positive B cells was significantly increased in both young and adult HIGA mice. The B-cell-depleted SMNCs from HIGA mice exhibited higher levels of expression of TGF-β and TGF-β1 mRNA than controls from a young age, which were maintained throughout life, but there were no differences in PDGF, MCP-1 or bFGF expression between these two strains. In contrast to local mRNA expression, serum TGF-β1 concentration was decreased in HIGA mice compared with BALB/c controls. Conclusion: These findings suggest that the mating procedure performed to establish HIGA mice selected for a unique phenotype of local up-regulation of TGF-β production in the kidneys, as well as T cells that may contribute to both the early and consistently high serum IgA expression and enhanced production of renal extracellular matrix components in HIGA mice. Additionally, TGF-β1 may act locally, not systemically, in a paracrine or autocrine manner.

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          Most cited references 3

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          Single-step method of RNA isolation by acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform extraction.

          A new method of total RNA isolation by a single extraction with an acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform mixture is described. The method provides a pure preparation of undegraded RNA in high yield and can be completed within 4 h. It is particularly useful for processing large numbers of samples and for isolation of RNA from minute quantities of cells or tissue samples.
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            Transforming growth factor beta induces IgA production and acts additively with interleukin 5 for IgA production

            Effects of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) on IgA production by LPS-stimulated B cells have been studied. TGF-beta itself could augment polyclonal IgA production in concomitant inhibition of polyclonal IgM and IgG1 production. Furthermore, TGF-beta and IL-5 additively augmented IgA production. TGF-beta exerted its activity early in the culture (by 2 d in a 5-d culture) and IL-5 was required late in the culture. Surface IgA- (sIgA-) B cells responded to TGF-beta for the development of IgA-secreting cells. By contrast, sIgA+ B cells, but not sIgA- B cells, responded to IL-5 for IgA production. These results suggest that TGF-beta has a differential role in the induction of IgA production from IL-5 on murine-activated B cells.
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              Ultrastructural Localization of Dominantly Increased Fibronectin in the Markedly Thickened Glomerular Basement Membrane in a Selectively Mated Murine High IgA Strain (HIGA Mice)

              To clarify which matrix component(s) contributes to glomerular sclerosis with mesangial IgA deposits in a murine high serum IgA strain (HIGA) derived from ddY mice, morphological and immunopathological analyses of glomeruli were performed in comparison with original ddY and BALB/c mice as controls. Significantly increased thickness of the glomerular basement membrane (GBM), especially the lamina densa, was observed in HIGA mice. Immunofluorescent staining showed marked increases in levels of fibronectin and laminin in both the mesangium and capillary wall in aged HIGA mice. Analysis of the distribution of immunogold-labeled antibody in GBM revealed a significant increase (p < 0.0001) and specific orientation of fibronectin in the endothelial side, which suggested that mesangial fibronectin produced at high levels due to IgA deposition extended to the endothelial side of GBM and contributed to the thickening of GBM with further development to glomerulosclerosis in the HIGA mice.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEF
                Nephron
                10.1159/issn.1660-8151
                Nephron
                S. Karger AG
                1660-8151
                2235-3186
                2001
                2001
                25 July 2001
                : 88
                : 4
                : 368-375
                Affiliations
                aDepartment of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyoto University, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto; bResearch Laboratories, Nippon Shinyaku Co. Ltd., Kyoto; cDivision of Nephrology, Medical Research Institute,Kitano Hospital, Osaka, Japan
                Article
                46022 Nephron 2001;88:368–375
                10.1159/000046022
                11474233
                © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 3, Tables: 3, References: 31, Pages: 8
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/46022
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