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      Heart Rate Variability in Patients with Sleep-Related Breathing Disorders

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          Abstract

          The increased mortality among patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome has been explained in part by the increased incidence of arterial and pulmonary hypertension. A decreased heart rate variability (HRV) has been shown to be associated with an increased mortality as well. We investigated 53 patients, admitted to the hospital for chest pain for sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBD) with an ambulatory screening device (MESAM-IV). HRV was recorded simultaneously. All patients received coronary artery catheterization and 36 had significant coronary artery disease (CAD; 67.9%). Standard time domain parameters were compared by a 4-way Anova for patients with an oxygen desaturation index of more and less than 5/hour and the factors CAD, diabetes and beta-blocker use. The percentage of differences between RR intervals that differ more than 50 ms (pNN > 50: 9.0 ± 11.1 vs. 19.2 ± 22.2%; p < 0.05) as well as the root mean square of these differences (38.0 ± 29.0 vs. 59.2 ± 51.5 ms; p < 0.05) were significantly decreased in patients with SRBD. In an hourly breakdown the number of desaturations was not correlated with a change in HRV. Mean oxygen saturation was significantly decreased in patients with SRBD (95.2 ± 1.8 vs. 96.2 ± 1.42%, p < 0.05), and positively correlated with the pNN > 50 (r = 0.34, p < 0.01). This correlation might suggest a more profound pathophysiological interaction between HRV and SRBD than short-term vagal activation alone. The results favor HRV for inclusion in future risk stratification models in patients with sleep apnea syndrome.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1996
          1996
          19 November 2008
          : 87
          : 6
          : 492-496
          Affiliations
          Department of Internal Medicine, University of Bonn, Germany
          Article
          177144 Cardiology 1996;87:492–496
          10.1159/000177144
          8904676
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          General Cardiology

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