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      Low Molecular Weight Heparin Reduces Triglyceride, VLDL and Cholesterol/HDL Levels in Hyperlipidemic Diabetic Patients on Hemodialysis

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          Background: Low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) provides a safe and effective alternative for hemodialysis anticoagulation. While unfractionated (UF) heparin has been implicated in hyperlipidemia, the effect of LMWH on the lipid profile in nondiabetic patients is controversial in chronic hemodialysis. The effect of LMWH in diabetic patients, a high risk group of hyperlipidemia, has not been studied. Method: LMWH was tested for its safety and efficacy in 10 nondiabetic Taiwanese patients. To evaluate influence of lipid profile, a crossover study was carried out in 10 type II diabetic patients with poor blood sugar control associated with high triglyceride (430.4 ± 101.1 mg/dl) and total cholesterol levels (219.2 ± 12.7 mg/dl) using UF heparin for more than 1 year. These patients were subjected to Fraxiparine, an LMWH, for 6 months and then switched back to UF heparin for another 6 months. Lipid profiles were measured every 2 months without prescribing lipid-lowering agents and the blood sugar was maintained at stationary levels. Results: LMWH is safe and effective in Taiwanese patients as a single bolus injection and maintains a 9.4% higher platelet count immediate postdialysis compared to UF heparin. With high HbA1c levels (9.6 ± 0.6%), mean triglyceride and VLDL levels started to decrease at the 4th month after LMWH treatment and reached a 34% reduction in triglyceride, a 26.2% reduction in VLDL, and a 19% reduction of total cholesterol/HDL ratio at the 6th month. Increments of triglyceride levels were found at the 6th month after a switch back to UF heparin. The levels of total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, apolipoprotein A-1 and B remained unchanged. Conclusion: LMWH may be beneficial to lipid control in hyperlipidemic diabetic patients on hemodialysis.

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          Author and article information

          Am J Nephrol
          American Journal of Nephrology
          S. Karger AG
          October 1998
          10 September 1998
          : 18
          : 5
          : 384-390
          Division of Nephrology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
          13381 Am J Nephrol 1998;18:384–390
          © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 5, Tables: 1, References: 21, Pages: 7
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