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      Receptors for 5-Hydroxytryptamine in Rabbit Isolated Ear Artery and Aorta

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          Abstract

          The effects of N, N’-bis-(O-methoxybenzylaminohexyl)-cystamine tetrahydrochloride (BHC), 2-brom-d-lysergic acid diethylamide (BOL) and prazosin on 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) dose-response curves in rabbit ear artery and thoracic aorta were determined. BHC, an irreversible alpha-adrenoceptor antagonist, and prazosin had no substantial effect while BOL shifted the 5-HT dose-response curve to the right in aorta. BHC shifted the curve to the right and reduced maximal response to 5-HT in ear artery. BOL shifted the curve to the right only above 10<sup>–6</sup> M 5-HT in control, but at all concentrations studied in BHC-pretreated ear arteries. In vitro denervation of the ear artery with 6-hydroxydopamine did not significantly alter the 5-HT dose-response curve, nor the effect of BHC on that curve. On the other hand, desipramine decreased the contractile response to high concentrations of 5-HT in non-denervated ear arteries. Prazosin increased the 5-HT threshold and slope of the curve in the ED<sub>50</sub> region, but had no inhibitory effect on contractile responses above 3 × 10<sup>–7</sup> M 5-HT or on maximal response. It is concluded that 5-HT acts exclusively on 5-HT receptors in aorta, but on both alpha-adrenergic and 5-HT receptors in ear artery. 5-HT also possesses a small indirect sympathomimetic action at high concentrations in the ear artery. Prazosin has no effect on 5-HT receptors in either vessel and blocks the alpha-adrenoceptor stimulation by 5-HT in ear artery.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1981
          1981
          19 September 2008
          : 18
          : 1-2
          : 16-27
          Affiliations
          Department of Pharmacology, University of California, Irvine, Calif, USA
          Article
          158334 Blood Vessels 1981;18:16–27
          10.1159/000158334
          © 1981 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 12
          Categories
          Research Paper

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