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      Co-linguistic content inferences: From gestures to sound effects and emoji

      1 , 2
      Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
      SAGE Publications

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          Abstract

          Among other uses, co-speech gestures can contribute additional semantic content to the spoken utterances with which they coincide. A growing body of research is dedicated to understanding how inferences from gestures interact with logical operators in speech, including negation (“not”/“n’t”), modals (e.g., “might”), and quantifiers (e.g., “each,” “none,” “exactly one”). A related but less addressed question is what kinds of meaningful content other than gestures can evince this same behaviour; this is in turn connected to the much broader question of what properties of gestures are responsible for how they interact with logical operators. We present two experiments investigating sentences with co-speech sound effects and co-text emoji in lieu of gestures, revealing a remarkably similar inference pattern to that of co-speech gestures. The results suggest that gestural inferences do not behave the way they do because of any traits specific to gestures, and that the inference pattern extends to a much broader range of content.

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          Most cited references37

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              Explaining Math: Gesturing Lightens the Load

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                (View ORCID Profile)
                Journal
                Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
                Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
                SAGE Publications
                1747-0218
                1747-0226
                October 2022
                April 07 2022
                October 2022
                : 75
                : 10
                : 1828-1843
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Leibniz-Center for General Linguistics (ZAS), Berlin, Germany
                [2 ]Western Sydney University, MARCS Institute for Brain, Behaviour and Development, Penrith, NSW, Australia
                Article
                10.1177/17470218221080645
                2d94f645-a505-44a3-b6c1-0a2e06d130b7
                © 2022

                http://journals.sagepub.com/page/policies/text-and-data-mining-license

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