A bacterial isolate, with an optimum growth temperature of about 50 degrees C, was recovered from a domestic hot water tank in Coimbra. Phylogenetic analysis using 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain CLN-1T is a member of the beta-Proteobacteria and represents a new species of the genus Tepidimonas. The major fatty acids of strain CLN-1T are 16:0, 17:0 cyclo and 16:1 omega7c. Ubiquinone 8 is the major respiratory quinone, the major polar lipids are phosphatidylethanolamine, and phosphatidylglycerol. The new isolate is aerobic and facultatively chemolithoheterotrophic. Thiosulfate and tetrathionate are oxidized to sulfate in the presence of a metabolizable carbon source. Strain CLN-1T grows on amino acids and organic acids, but this organism does not assimilate carbohydrates. Glycerol is the only polyol assimilated. Resinic acids, namely abietic acid, dehydroabietic acid and isopimaric acid are not degraded. On the basis of the phylogenetic analyses, physiological and biochemical characteristics, we propose that strain CLN-1T represents a new species for which we offer the name Tepidimonas aquatica.