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      Epidemiological analysis of malaria prevalence in Jiangsu Province in 2017

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          Abstract

          Objective To understand the malaria epidemic situation and characteristics in Jiangsu Province in 2017, so as to provide the evidence for formulating the targeted strategy of malaria elimination.

          Methods The data of malaria cases in Jiangsu Province in 2016 were collected from China’s Routine Diseases Surveillance Information System (CRDSIS).

          Results Totally, 239 imported malaria cases were reported in Jiangsu Province in 2017, and the cases decreased by 22.40% compared to 308 cases in 2015. Except 2 malaria case caused by blood transfusion, the rest patients were all imported. Among them, there were 163 falciparum malaria cases, 21 vivax malaria cases, 11 quartan malaria cases, 43 ovale malaria cases, and 1 mixed infection case ( Plasmodium falciparum and P. ovale). The numbers of imported cases of Nantong (39 cases, 16.32%), Suzhou (26 cases, 10.88%), Taizhou (25 cases, 10.46%), Huai’an (24 cases, 10.04%), and Lianyungang (22 cases, 9.21%) ranked in the top 5 cities across Jiangsu Province, the malaria cases in the five cities accounted for 56.90% (136/239). The infection source areas of the imported malaria cases included Africa (225 cases), Asia (8 cases), Oceania (2 cases), and South America (2 cases).

          Conclusion Jiangsu Province has no local malaria cases for 6 consecutive years. Despite the imported cases in 2017 decreased some-what compared to that in 2016, it is still necessary to strengthen the surveillance of imported malaria cases and improve malaria diagnosis and treatment in the whole province.

          Abstract

          [ 摘要] 目的 掌握 2017 年江苏省疟疾疫情及流行特征, 为制订和调整适合本省的消除疟疾后监测策略和措施提供依 据。 方法 对 2017 年全省网络报告疟疾疫情和专报系统的流行病学调查资料进行统计分析。 结果 2017 年江苏省共 报告疟疾 239 例, 较 2016 年的 308 例下降 22.40%。239 例疟疾病例除 2 例为输血感染外, 其余 237 例均为境外感染的输入 性病例。239 例疟疾病例中, 恶性疟 163 例、间日疟 21 例、三日疟 11 例、卵形疟 43 例、恶性疟原虫与卵形疟原虫混合感染 1 例。2017 年全省 13 个设区市均有疟疾病例报告, 其中居前 5 位的为南通市 (39 例, 16.32%) 、苏州市 (26 例, 10.88%) 、泰 州市 (25 例, 10.46%) 、淮安市 (24 例, 10.04%) 和连云港市 (22 例, 9.21%),5 市合计报告的疟疾病例数占全省报告的疟疾病 例总数的 56.90% (136/239) 。输入性疟疾报告病例的主要感染来源地为非洲 (225 例) 、亚洲 (8 例) 、大洋洲 (2 例) 、南美洲 (2 例), 其中大洋洲和南美洲为新出现的感染来源地区。 结论 江苏省连续 6 年无本地感染疟疾病例。2017 年境外输入 性疟疾病例虽较 2016 年有所下降, 但仍是全省疟疾防控工作的重点。

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          Author and article information

          Affiliations
          1Jiangsu Institute of Parasitic Diseases; Key Laboratory of National Health Commission on Parasitic Disease Control and Prevention; Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Parasite and Vector Control, Wuxi 214064, China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding authors: Zhou Hua-Yun, E-mail: hyzhou88@ 123456163.com
          Journal
          CJSC
          Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi
          Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control (Wuxi, China )
          1005-6661
          22 April 2019
          : 31
          : 2
          : 178-181
          j.32.1374.2019016
          10.16250/j.32.1374.2019016
          © 2019 Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Funding
          Funded by: Jiangsu Provincial Key Research and Development Programme
          Award ID: BE2016631
          Funded by: Jiangsu Provincial Project of Invigorating Health Care Through Science, Technology and Education ; Scientific Research Project of Schistosomiasis and Other Endemic Diseases Control of Jiangsu Province
          Award ID: X201828
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          Journal Article

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