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      Comparison of Wide-Awake Local Anesthesia No Tourniquet With General Anesthesia With Tourniquet for Volar Plating of Distal Radius Fracture.

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          Abstract

          Wide-awake local anesthesia no tourniquet (WALANT) is used for various hand surgeries, but there are no reports of its use for distal radius fractures. The authors compared perioperative variables and clinical outcomes for volar plating for distal radius fractures with WALANT vs general anesthesia with tourniquet. This retrospective study included 47 patients who presented with distal radius fractures between January 2015 and February 2017. Twenty-one underwent surgical volar plating with WALANT, and 26 underwent surgical volar plating with general anesthesia with tourniquet. Patients were followed for 12 months. The 2 groups were compared regarding perioperative parameters and clinical outcomes, including perioperative field pain evaluated by visual analog scale score on postoperative day 1, range of motion 12 months postoperatively, and Mayo wrist score. The WALANT group had a lower mean visual analog scale score and a shorter mean hospitalization (both P<.001), but greater mean blood loss (P<.001). No significant differences were found regarding operative time (P=.214) or time to union (P=.180). At 12-month follow-up, no significant differences were found regarding wrist extension (P=.721), wrist flexion (P=.119), or Mayo wrist score (P=.223). Although both techniques permitted volar plating for distal radius fractures, WALANT allowed immediate intervention and led to less postoperative pain and shorter hospitalization. Although control of blood loss was worse with WALANT, blood loss was limited to a mean of 22.62 mL and did not interfere with the surgical field. [Orthopedics. 2019; 42(1):e93-e98.].

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Orthopedics
          Orthopedics
          SLACK, Inc.
          1938-2367
          0147-7447
          Jan 01 2019
          : 42
          : 1
          Article
          10.3928/01477447-20181206-01
          30540881
          2dd37b7b-12f5-430f-a213-e4aede2ebed2
          Copyright 2018, SLACK Incorporated.

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